• CSU
  • University of Melbourne

This research centre ceased operation on 31 December 2016. This website is archived. There will be no further updates to this site.


ARC Linkage Grants

Assoc/Prof Yeslam Al-Saggaf et al Investigating which strategies are most effective in overcoming the ethical problems facing information and communications technology professionals

Prof S Miller, Prof J Kleinig et al Police Leadership in the 21st Century: Redesigning Roles and Practices More

Prof S Miller, Prof J O'Brien et al The Future of Financial Regulation More

ARC Discovery Grants

Dr. Stephen Clarke et al Conscience and Conscientious Objection in Health Care More

Prof Greg Restall et al New techniques for language logic and information
Dr S Clarke, Prof A Coady et al Moral Conservation, Human Enhancement and the 'Affective Revolution' in Moral Psychology More

Prof T Campbell et al A Constructive Critique of the Political Approach to the Philosophy of Human Rights More

Other Grants

Dr Daniel Halliday The Moral Challenge of the Educational Arms Race

Prof J Weckert, Dr E Rush, M Walker
Promoting Global Responsible Research and Innovation  More


2015 Annual Report [.pdf]


Professor Seumas Miller

Institutional Corruption and The Capital Markets  More

Fixing the Fix - Benchmark Reform and the Future of Financial Regulation  More

Designing-in-Ethics: A Compulsary Retirement Savings System  More

Dr Stephen Clarke

On Religious Violence, ABC Western Plains 'Mornings', radio interview  More

Past media events



Shooting to Kill, The Ethics of Police and Military Use of Lethal Force
Seumas Miller
  • Engages a topic of urgent contemporary concern from an ethical standpoint.
  • Makes a provocative and original argument: a novel alternative to prevailing reductive individualist and collectivist accounts.
  • First monograph providing a comparative ethical analysis of use of lethal force by ordinary citizens, police officers and military combatants.
  • Topics covered include: police shootings of armed offenders, police shooting of suicide-bombers, targeted killing, autonomous weapons, humanitarian armed intervention and civilian immunity.
  • Tackles thorny moral justifications and moral responsibilities involved in the use of lethal force by police and military combatants.
  1. ‘The moral imperative to continue gene editing research on human embryos’, Protein Cell, DOI 10.1007/s13238-015-0184-y.
    Available online at:
  2. Giubilini, A. (2015), What in the world is moral disgust?, Australasian Journal of Philosophy, forthcoming


Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCS) and the Quest for Accountability  
Kleinig, J., Andreopoulas, G (eds)

Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs) have constituted a perennial feature of the security landscape. Yet, it is their involvement in and conduct during the ongoing wars in Iraq and Afghanistan that have transformed the outsourcing of security services into such a pressing public policy and world-order issue. The PMSCs' ubiquitous presence in armed conflict situations, as well as in post-conflict reconstruction, their diverse list of clients (governments in the developed and developing world, non-state armed groups, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, and international corporations) and, in the context of armed conflict situations, involvement in instances of gross misconduct, have raised serious accountability issues.

The prominence of PMSCs in conflict zones has generated critical questions concerning the very concept of security and the role of private force, a rethinking of "essential governmental functions," a rearticulation of the distinction between public/private and global/local in the context of the creation of new forms of "security governance," and a consideration of the relevance, as well as limitations, of existing regulatory frameworks that include domestic and international law (in particular international human rights law and international humanitarian law).

This book critically examines the growing role of PMSCs in conflict and post-conflict situations, as part of a broader trend towards the outsourcing of security functions. Particular emphasis is placed on key moral, legal, and political considerations involved in the privatization of such functions, on the impact of outsourcing on security governance, and on the main challenges confronting efforts to hold PMSCs accountable through a combination of formal and informal, domestic as well as international, regulatory mechanisms and processes.

It will be of interest to scholars, policymakers, practitioners and advocates for a more transparent and humane security order. This book was published as a special issue of Criminal Justice Ethics.

The Ethics of Patriotism: A Debate
Kleinig, J., Keller, S.,Primoratz, I.

The unique approach taken within The Ethics of Patriotism brings together the differing perspectives of three leading figures in the philosophical debate who deliver an up-to-date, accessible, and vigorous presentation of the major views and arguments.

  • Brings together the differing perspectives of three leading philosophers, who, together, explore the major positions on the ethics of patriotism
  • Connects with several burgeoning fields of interest in philosophy and politics, including nationalism, civic virtue, liberalism and republicanism, loyalty, and cosmopolitanism
  • Demonstrates that it is possible to make progress on the question of the ethics of patriotism while taking an ecumenical approach to larger theoretical questions
  • A timely and relevant response to the upsurge of interest in nationalism, patriotism, and secessions.
Investigative Ethics: Ethics for Police Detectives and Criminal Investigators  
Miller, S., Gordon, I.,

Knowing the right thing to do is often problematic – but ethical dilemmas faced by police detectives are nothing short of extraordinary. Further complexities arise due to the growth of problems confronting the modern developed world, including such issues as white collar crimes, drugs, computer crimes, and acts of terrorism. Investigative Ethics: Ethics for Police Detectives and Criminal Investigators presents applied philosophical analyses of the myriad ethical issues that arise for police detectives and other criminal investigators in contemporary society.

Issues addressed include ethical considerations relating to investigative independence, rights of victims and suspects, use of informants, entrapment, privacy and surveillance, undercover operations, deception, and suspect interviewing. Along with references to relevant empirical studies, topics are illustrated utilizing examples from actual police inquiries along with techniques deployed during the course of these investigations.

Investigative Ethics: Ethics for Police Detectives and Criminal Investigators offers a timely and revealing glimpse into the uses and potential misuses of police authority.

Prisoners Rights
Kleinig, J.,

This volume brings together a selection of the most important published
research articles from the ongoing debate about the moral rights of
prisoners. The articles consider the moral underpinnings of the debate
and include framework discussions for a theory of prisoners’ rights
as well as several international documents which detail the rights
of prisoners, including women prisoners. The volume also features
detailed analysis of the moral bases for particular rights relating to
prison conditions such as solitary confinement, recreation and work.

On Loyalty and Loyalties
Kleinig, J.,

One of very few full length studies focused on loyalty. Provides an alternative to and critique of other major accounts. Balances general theory and applied ethics. Offers an account of why loyalty tends to be so problematic. Engages in an extended discussion of the importance of the idea of a loyal opposition.

The Justification of Religious Violence
Clarke, S.,

How are justifications for religious violence developed and do they differ from secular justifications for violence? Can liberal societies tolerate potentially violent religious groups? Can those who accept religious justifications for violence be dissuaded from acting violently? Including six in-depth contemporary case studies, The Justification of Religious Violence is the first book to examine the logical structure of justifications of religious violence. The first book specifically devoted to examining the logical structure of justifications of religious violence Seeks to understand how justifications for religious violence are developed and how or if they differ from ordinary secular justifications of violence Examines 3 widely employed premises used in religious justifications of violence – ‘cosmic war’, the importance of the afterlife, and ‘sacred values’ Considers to what extent liberal democratic societies should tolerate who hold that their religion justifies violent acts Reflects on the possibility of effective policy measures to persuade those who believe that violent action is justified by religion, to refrain from acting violently Informed by recent work in psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience and evolutionary biology. Part of the Blackwell Public Philosophy Series.

Professionalism in the Information and Communication Technology Industry
Weckert, J., Lucas, R (eds) 

Professionalism is arguably more important in some occupations than in others. It is vital in some because of the life and death decisions that must be made, for example in medicine. In others the rapidly changing nature of the occupation makes efficient regulation difficult and so the professional behaviour of the practitioners is central to the good functioning of that occupation. The core idea behind this book is that Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is changing so quickly that professional behaviour of its practitioners is vital because regulation will always lag behind.

Professional Police Practice:Scenarios and Dilemmas
Kleinig, J., Waddington, PAJ. and Wright, M. (eds) 

This ground-breaking book offers a practitioner-oriented overview of professional standards in all aspects of policing. With a radical, scenario-based approach, featuring both the extraordinary and the seemingly mundane, it aims to capture some of the complexities and interpretations that form the basis of such professional standards in policing today. Awareness of professional ethics has become not only a central requirement of officers seeking promotion to the senior ranks, but also a necessity within the training framework of UK policing, so the editors have brought together contributions from both practitioners and academics in order stimulate debate and present contrasting views.

Split into five parts, each begins with a realistic scenario posing a distinctive dilemma, not just ethical but also legal and political. Ranging from community policing and the use of intelligence to problems arising from the conduct of superiors, the scenarios invite the reader to place themselves in the midst of an acute policing dilemma and asks how they would navigate an appropriate path through it to a desirable end. As the reader considers such questions, contributions from police officers both in the UK and abroad, as well as academics connected to the policing world, offer personal and professional responses to the situation at hand - resulting in wildly differing but no less important opinions. Finally, each of the five parts concludes with commentary from the editors which, rather than offer solutions, seeks to frame both the scenario and response within a more neutral setting. Equally, and perhaps understandably, these commentaries also throw into sharp relief the plethora of opinions and perspectives that have yet to be addressed.

Religion, Intolerance and Conflict: A Scientific and Conceptual Investigation
Clarke, S., Powell, R. and Savulescu, J. (eds) 

The relationship between religion, intolerance and conflict has been the subject of intense discussion, particularly in the wake of the events of 9-11 and the ongoing threat of terrorism. This book contains original papers written by some of the world's leading scholars in anthropology, psychology, philosophy, and theology exploring the scientific and conceptual dimensions of religion and human conflict.

Authors investigate the following themes: the role of religion in promoting social cohesion and the conditions under which it will tend to do so; the role of religion in enabling and exacerbating conflict between different social groups and the conditions under which it will tend to do so; and the policy responses that we may be able to develop to ameliorate violent conflict and the limits to compromise between different religions. The book also contains two commentaries that distill, synthesize and critically evaluate key aspects of the individual chapters and central themes that run throughout the volume.

The volume will be of great interest to all readers interested in the phenomenon of religious conflict and to academics across a variety of disciplines, including religious studies, philosophy, psychology, theology, cognitive science, anthropology, politics, international relations, and evolutionary biology.

Earthmasters: Playing God with the climate
Hamilton, C., (ed) 

What if there were a magic bullet to fix our ailing planet? What if it meant seizing control of Earth's climate? Clive Hamilton investigates the huge risks of reaching for desperate measures to save the planet, explains the science accessibly and uncovers the worrying motives of those promoting them.

Philosophical Explorations of New and Alternative Religious Movements
Luck, M., (ed) bthumbsecurity.jpg

Philosophy of religion is focused chiefly on theism. Yet there are a growing number of new and alternative religious movements that would also benefit from philosophical scrutiny. This book is the first collection of philosophical essays, by a team of international authors, focusing on new and alternative religious movements. The book begins with an examination of the definition of new religious movements, before offering an introduction to, and an analysis of, core beliefs held by particular movements, including: Scientology, Raelianism, Siddha Yoga, the Arica School, the Church of the Latter Day Saints (Mormonism), Pantheism, Digital Theology, New Atheism, and the Word of Faith movement. Contributors offer an analysis of one or more of the core tenets of the religious movement, providing readers with both an insight into the group, and the methodology of philosophy of religion.

 Philosophy: Traditional and Experimental Readings
Allhoff, F., Mallon, R., Nichols, S. (eds)

Recently, the fields of empirical and experimental philosophy have generated tremendous excitement, due to unexpected results that have challenged philosophical dogma. Responding to this trend, Philosophy: Traditional and Experimental Readings is the first introductory philosophy reader to integrate cutting-edge work in empirical and experimental philosophy with traditional philosophy.

Featuring coverage that is equal parts historical, contemporary, and empirical/experimental, this topically organized reader provides students with a unique introduction to both the core and the vanguard of philosophy. The text is enhanced by pedagogical tools including commentary on each reading and chapter, study questions, suggested further readings, and a glossary.

Theories of Justice - The Library of Essays on Justice
Campbell, T., Mancilla, A. (eds)


Forty years ago, in his landmark work A Theory of Justice, the American philosopher John Rawls depicted a just society as a fair system of cooperation between citizens, regarded as free and equal persons. Justice, Rawls famously claimed, is 'the first virtue of social institutions'. Ever since then, moral and political philosophers have expanded, expounded and criticized Rawls's main tenets, from perspectives as diverse as egalitarianism, left and right libertarianism and the ethics of care.
 This volume of essays provides a general overview of the main strands in contemporary justice theorising and features the most important and influential theories of justice from the 'post Rawlsian' era. These theories range from how to build a theory of justice and how to delineate its proper scope to the relationship between justice and equality, justice and liberty, and justice and desert. Also included is the critique of the Rawlsian paradigm, especially from feminist perspectives and from the growing strand of 'non-ideal' theory, as well as consideration of more recent developments and methodological issues.

The Politics of Energy: Challenges for a Sustainable Futureenges for a Sustainable Future
Vanderheiden, S., (eds)

This book brings together leading scholars on the politics of energy, examining the natural resources and developing technologies that are essential to its production and the various public and private factors affecting its use, along with the ecological consequences of both. Section One examines the looming challenges posed by continuing dependence upon oil as a primary energy source, including "peak oil" scenarios and the social and political consequences of resource extraction upon the developing world. Section Two considers proposals to dramatically increase nuclear power production as a means to reduce carbon emissions, with both the risks and potential of this "nuclear option" carefully weighed. Although many tout renewable energy sources for their environmental benefits, Section Three calls attention to several potential problems with large-scale renewable energy development and the dilemmas that they have caused for would-be supporters of such efforts. Finally, Section Four weighs the prospects for developing sustainable energy systems on the ground, including conservation measures that reduce energy demand and system-wide energy policy efforts. Together, these essays demonstrate the importance of sound energy policy along with the numerous obstacles to developing and implementing it.

This book was originally published as a special issue of Environmental Politics.

Applied Paramedic: Law and Ethics
Luck, M., and Townsend, R. (eds)

A fundamental local law text for undergraduate paramedics in Australia and New Zealand.

Applied Paramedic Law and Ethics Australia and New Zealand is the first of its kind to bring together legal and ethical concepts specifically for the Australian and New Zealand paramedic profession.

An indispensable guide for student paramedics, Applied Paramedic Law and Ethics Australia and New Zealand promotes the understanding of ethical principles and legal regulations through realistic scenarios and extensive case studies, which are available both in the book and on Elsevier’s Evolve platform.

The book includes Australian state-specific legislation and local case law, and there is a chapter devoted specifically to the New Zealand paramedic service.

This excellent law textbook focuses on the essential concepts and skills local paramedics need to respond to life-threatening emergencies in often-unfamiliar environments. For paramedics to determine the bestCampbell_mancillauation they need an intimate understanding of the profession’s code of conduct and current legal regulations. In its attention to key areas such as consent, negligence, child protection, mental health and record-keeping Applied Paramedic Law and Ethics Australia and New Zealand proves a fundamental resource for the undergraduate paramedic course in Australia and New Zealand.

The Good Life in a Technological Age
Brey, P., Briggle, A., Spence, E. (eds)

Modern technology has changed the way we live, work, play, communicate, fight, love, and die. Yet few works have systematically explored these changes in light of their implications for individual and social welfare. How can we conceptualize and evaluate the influence of technology on human well-being? Bringing together scholars from a cross-section of disciplines, this volume combines an empirical investigation of technology and its social, psychological, and political effects, and a philosophical analysis and evaluation of the implications of such effects.

Protecting Civilians during Violent Conflict: Theoretical and Practical Issues for the 21st Century
Lovell, D., and Primoratz, I. (eds)


There is almost unanimous agreement that civilians should be protected from the direct effects of violent conflict, and that the distinction between combatant and non-combatant should be respected. But what are the fundamental ethical questions about civilian immunity? Are new styles of conflict making these distinctions redundant? Eloquently combining theory and practice, leading scholars from the fields of political science, law and philosophy have been brought together to provide an essential overview of some of the major ethical, legal and political issues with regard to protecting civilians caught up in modern inter- and intra-state conflicts. In doing so, they examine what is being done, and what can be done, to make soldiers more aware of their responsibilities in this area under international law and the ethics of war, and more able to respond appropriately to the challenges that will confront them in the field. "Protecting Civilians during Violent Conflict" presents a clear eyed look at the dilemmas facing regular combatants as they confront enemies in the modern battlespace, and especially the complications arising from the new styles of conflict where enemy and civilian population merge.

Terrorismus. Philosophische und Politikwissenschaftliche Essays
Primoratz, I., and Messelken, D. (eds) 


The philosophical literature contains a number of positions for the definition and moral evaluation of terrorism. Most philosophers define terrorism as a form of political violence. Many emphasize the experience of fear of the victims, which is the first target of violence, and distinguish it from other destinations such as coercion or political changes. With regard to the moral assessment of terrorism there is disagreement regarding both the basis of the evaluation, review and in terms of the judgment itself Konsequenzialisten terrorism, as well as other actions, in light of its consequences. Deontologists argue that the moral judgment does not depend on the consequences, but also about what constitutes terrorism. Consequently, the positions vary the morality of terrorism from its justification, to complete his sentence. All these items come in this volume to speak, it brings together a range of philosophical and political science essays from the last three decades. The practical importance of the issue need not be emphasized. But terrorism is also of great theoretical interest. Because it provides a particularly dramatic version of the question of the legitimacy of political violence. And he pointed to a fundamental ethical question, for example: If basal ethical prohibitions such as the prohibition of killing or maim innocent people are regarded as absolute prohibitions, or they can be overridden in exceptional cases, the light of extremely weighty consequences?

Security and Privacy: Global Standards for Ethical Identity Management in Contemporary Liberal Democratic States
John Kleinig, Peter Mameli, Seumas Miller, Douglas Salane and Adina Schwartz


This study is principally concerned with the ethical dimensions of identity management technology – electronic surveillance, the mining of personal data, and profiling – in the context of transnational crime anVanderheiden-politicsofEnergy challenge at the heart of this study is to establish an acceptable and sustainable equilibrium between two central moral values in contemporary liberal democracies, namely, security and privacy. Both values are essential to individual liberty, but they come into conflict in times when civil order is threatened, as has been the case from late in the twentieth century, with the advent of global terrorism and trans-national crime.

We seek to articulate legally sustainable, politically possible, and technologically feasible, global ethical standards for identity management technology and policies in liberal democracies in the contemporary global security context. Although the standards in question are to be understood as global ethical standards potentially to be adopted not only by the United States, but also by the European Union, India, Australasia, and other contemporary liberal democratic states, we take as our primary focus the tensions that have arisen between the United States and the European Union

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Global Financial Crisis:The Ethical Issues
Edited by Ned Dobos, Christian Barry and Thomas Pogge.

Global Financial Crisis

The Global Financial Crisis is now widely acknowledged to be the most severe economic downturn since the 1930s. It is unique not only in its gravity and scope, but also in its underlying causes and wider social, political, and economic implications. It continues to generate heated debate amongst economists, historians, pundits, political scientists and the general public. But is has been by and large neglected by philosophers and professional ethicists. Global Financial Crisis: the Ethical Issues begins to remedy this neglect.

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Infectious Disease Ethics:Limiting Liberty in Contexts of Contagion
Edited by Michael Selgelid, Angela McLean, Nimalan Arinaminpathy, and Julian Savulescu.

Infectious Disease Ethics

Infectious disease ethics is one of the fastest growing—and increasingly being recognised as one of the most important—topics in bioethics and public health ethics. Paramount among ethical issues associated with infectious disease are those that arise with conflict between the goal to promote individual liberty, on the one hand, and the goal to promote other legitimate social goals such as (equality or) utility in the way of public health, on the other. Authored by world leading figures in philosophy, bioethics, law, public health and medicine, the papers in this volume focus on such conflicts and, inter alia, illustrate the diversity of ways in which such conflicts can arise and offer carefully argued, creative solutions for addressing them. They cover a broad range of topics including ethical issues associated with pandemic planning, health workers’ rights and duties, vaccination policy, coercion and compensation, opt-out HIV testing, public health surveillance, and bioterrorism.

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Media, Markets, and Morals
Edward H. Spence, Andrew Alexandra, Aaron Quinn, Anne Dunn

Media Markets and Morals

Media, Markets, and Morals provides an original ethical framework designed specifically for evaluating ethical issues in the media, including new media. The authors apply their account of the moral role of the media, in their dual capacity as information providers for the public good and as businesses run for profit, to specific morally problematic practices and question how ethical behavior can be promoted within the industry.

- Brings together experts in the fields of media studies and media ethics, information ethics, and professional ethics.

- Offers an original ethical framework designed specifically for evaluating ethical issues in the media, including new media.

- Builds upon and further develops an innovative theoretical model for examining and evaluating media corruption and methods of media anti-corruption previously developed by authors Spence and Quinn.

- Discloses and clarifies the inherent ethical nature of information and its communication to which the media as providers of information are necessarily committed.

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The Legal Protection of Human Rights:Sceptical Essays
Edited by Tom Campbell, K.D. Ewing and Adam Tomkins

Legal Protection Human Rights

Reacting to the mixed record of the UK Human Rights Act 1998 and similar enactments concerned with the protection of human rights, this book explores ways of promoting human rights more effectively through political and democratic mechanisms. The book expresses ideological skepticism concerning the relative neglect of social and economic rights and institutional skepticism concerning the limitations of court-centered means for enhancing human rights goals in general. The contributors criticize the 'juridification' of human rights through transferring the prime responsibility for identifying human rights violations to courts and advocate the greater 'politicization' of human rights responsibilities through such measures as enhanced parliamentary scrutiny of existing and proposed legislation. This group of twenty-four leading human rights scholars from around the world present a variety of perspectives on the disappointing human rights outcomes of recent institutional developments and consider the prospects of reviving the moral force and political implications of human rights values.

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Global Justice and Due Process
Larry May

Global Justice

The idea of due process of law is recognised as the cornerstone of domestic legal systems, and in this book Larry May makes a powerful case for its extension to international law. Focussing on the procedural rights deriving from Magna Carta, such as the rights of habeas corpus (not to be arbitrarily incarcerated) and nonrefoulement (not to be sent to a state where harm is likely), he examines the legal rights of detainees, whether at Guantanamo or in refugee camps. He offers a conceptual and normative account of due process within a general system of global justice, and argues that due process should be recognised as jus cogens, as universally binding in international law. His vivid and compelling study will be of interest to a wide range of readers in political philosophy, political theory, and the theory and practice of international law.

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Rethinking Theory
Co-Authored by Richard Freadman and Seumas Miller

Re-Thinking Theory

Re-thinking Theory offers a bold approach to literary studies, itself explicitly theoretical and yet making a searching critique of the modes, concepts and movements which comprise literary theory. Discussing key concepts such as ideology, signification and discourse, and analysing schools including that of F. R. Leavis, Althusserian Marxism, Derridean and Foucaultian poststructuralism, and New Historicism, the authors argue that there are major deficiencies in the conceptual foundations and the literary and political implications of much literary theory. These deficiencies are ascribed principally to three aspects of theoretical schools: the commitment to a non-referential view of language, the rejection of substantive accounts of the individual, and a repudiation of moral and aesthetic evaluation. The 'alternative account' offered by Professors Freadman and Miller incorporates the values renounced by this kind of literary theory and places a central emphasis on ethical discourse.

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Health Rights
Edited by Michael Selgelid and Thomas Pogge

Health Rights

Health Rights is a multidisciplinary collection of seminal papers examining ethical, legal, and empirical questions regarding the human right to health or health care. The volume discusses what obligations health rights entail for governments and other actors, how they relate to and potentially conflict with other rights and values, and how cultural diversity bears on the formulation and implementation of health rights. The paramount importance of such questions is illustrated, among other things, by the catastrophic health situation in developing countries and current debates about the TRIPS Agreement and health care reform in the United States. The volume is divided into five main parts which focus on philosophical questions about the bases for the right to health or health care; links between health and human rights; global bioethics and public health ethics; intellectual property rights in pharmaceuticals; and finally health rights issues arising in specific contexts such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and gender.

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Justice 3rd edition
Tom Campbell


The substantially revised third edition of this widely-used text introduces nine major theoretical approaches and their key protagonists, including a new chapter on global justice, and assesses their ability to generate clear, consistent and illuminating accounts of justice as a distinctive social, political and legal value .

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Politics as Usual: What Lies Behind the Pro-Poor Rhetoric
Thomas Pogge

Politics as usual

Worldwide, human lives are rapidly improving. Education, health-care, technology, and political participation are becoming ever more universal, empowering human beings everywhere to enjoy security, economic sufficiency, equal citizenship, and a life in dignity. To be sure, there are some specially difficult areas disfavoured by climate, geography, local diseases, unenlightened cultures or political tyranny. Here progress is slow, and there may be set-backs. But the affluent states and many international organizations are working steadily to extend the blessings of modernity through trade and generous development assistance, and it won't be long until the last pockets of severe oppression and poverty are gone.

Heavily promoted by Western governments and media, this comforting view of the world is widely shared, at least among the affluent. Pogge's new book presents an alternative view: Poverty and oppression persist on a massive scale; political and economic inequalities are rising dramatically both intra-nationally and globally. The affluent states and the international organizations they control knowingly contribute greatly to these evils - selfishly promoting rules and policies harmful to the poor while hypocritically pretending to set and promote ambitious development goals. Pogge's case studies include the $1/day poverty measurement exercise, the cosmetic statistics behind the first Millennium Development Goal, the War on Terror, and the proposed relaxation of the constraints on humanitarian intervention. A powerful moral analysis that shows what Western states would do if they really cared about the values they profess.

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Incentives for Global Public Health
Edited by Thomas Pogge, Matthew Rimmer and Kim Rubenstein

Incentives for Global Public Health

This portrait of the global debate over patent law and access to essential medicines focuses on public health concerns about HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, the SARS virus, influenza, and diseases of poverty. The essays explore the diplomatic negotiations and disputes in key international fora, such as the World Trade Organization, the World Health Organization and the World Intellectual Property Organization. Drawing upon international trade law, innovation policy, intellectual property law, health law, human rights and philosophy, the authors seek to canvass policy solutions which encourage and reward worthwhile pharmaceutical innovation while ensuring affordable access to advanced medicines. A number of creative policy options are critically assessed, including the development of a Health Impact Fund, prizes for medical innovation, the use of patent pools, open-source drug development and forms of 'creative capitalism'.

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Terror from the sky
Edited by Igor Primoratz

Terror from the sky

In this first interdisciplinary study of this contentious subject, leading experts in politics, history, and philosophy examine the complex aspects of the terror bombing of German cities during World War II. The contributors address the decision to embark on the bombing campaign, the moral issues raised by the bombing, and the main stages of the campaign and its effects on German civilians as well as on Germany’s war effort. The book places the bombing campaign within the context of the history of air warfare, presenting the bombing as the first stage of the particular type of state terrorism that led to Hiroshima and Nagasaki and brought about the Cold War era “balance of terror.” In doing so, it makes an important contribution to current debates about terrorism. It also analyzes the public debate in Germany about the historical, moral, and political significance of the deliberate killing of up to 600,000 German civilians by the British and American air forces. This pioneering collaboration provides a platform for a wide range of views—some of which are controversial—on a highly topical, painful, and morally challenging subject.

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Business as a Profession?: A bridge too far or a fair way to go?
David Ardagh

Business as a Profession

There has been some discussion in journals and books of whether Business, as a practice with its own institutions, is a profession. The term 'professional' has both the broad sense of one with paid expertise, and a narrower specific and normative sense. In the latter there is a presumption that standards of theoretical cognitive competence, ethics, and social licensing have been met. For example, credentials have been issued following peer examination of expertise; ethical conduct in a practice will be enforced by a peak institutional body, and there is quasi- monopoly of service provision. The work argues that business is not a profession in the narrower sense, but might approach that status, and perhaps should, if corporate reform at national and international level were to be undertaken. But there will remain inherent difficulties with regard to some essential features, especially under an increasingly globalised 'State Welfare Capitalist' system

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Requiem for a Species - Why we resist the truth about climate change
Clive Hamilton

Requiem for a Species

Requiem for a Species - Why we resist the truth about climate changes offers a compelling description of a world transformed by climate change—and explains why we won’t stop climate change even though we know it will destroy us. This book does not set out to raise the alarm again to encourage us to take radical measures to head off climate chaos. There have been many books and reports in recent years explaining just how dire the future looks and how little time we have left to act. This book is about why we have ignored those warnings, and why it may now be too late. It is a book about the frailties of the human species as expressed in both the institutions we built and the psychological dispositions that have led us on the path of self-destruction. It is about our strange obsessions, our hubris, and our penchant for avoiding the facts. It is the story of a battle within us between the forces that should have caused us to protect the Earth—our capacity to reason and our connection to Nature—and those that, in the end, have won out—our greed, materialism and alienation from Nature. And it is about the 21st century consequences of these failures.

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Integrity Systems for Occupations
Andrew Alexandra and Seumas Miller

Integrity Systems for Occupations

Integrity Systems for Occupations analyses, describes and demonstrates the value of well-designed integrity systems for efficient, effective and ethically sustainable practice, in occupational groups in particular. Developing a blueprint for the design of integrity systems which can be tailored to the specific ethical needs of different occupational groups, this book furthers the general project of ethically informed institutional design ('designing-in' ethics). The approach taken reflects the authors' academic background in professional ethics, as well as their extensive experience in the application of ethical theories and perspectives to the problems and challenges encountered by various occupational groups, such as accountants, business people, lawyers, doctors, nurses, social workers, engineers, emergency service workers and police.

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Tom Campbell and David Mollica


Sustainability is one of the key concepts underlying our thinking about corporate responsibilities, particularly with respect to the environment and inter-generational justice, but also in relation to corporate governance and the long-term economic viability. The advantages of the discourse of Sustainability are that it brings together contemporary economic and moral imperatives in the context of scientific knowledge. Its disadvantages relate to its open-ended content, its systematic ambiguity, and the internal tensions between economic growth, human survival and global justice. The essays in this volume reflect these strengths and weaknesses from a variety of viewpoints - economic, scientific, social and philosophical. They illustrate and illuminate the varied and contested content and utility of this currently popular concept and point to its multiple implications for the development of corporate responsibilities.

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Philosophy Of Law: Classic And Contemporary Readings
Edited By Larry May and Jeff Brown

Philosophy Of Law: Classic And Contemporary Readings

Philosophy of Law provides a rich overview of the diverse theoretical justifications for our legal rules, systems, and practices. The volume introduces the classical questions of philosophy of law as well as new emerging areas of theoretical dispute for legal theorists, philosophers, and lawyers.

Providing introductions to all major areas of Anglo-American law, and the major philosophical underpinnings of each of these areas, it also examines questions concerning the theoretical foundation and application of international law.The text includes seminal essays from the history of philosophy, including works from Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, John Austin, Jeremy Bentham, Immanuel Kant, John Stuart Mill, and others. In addition, many contemporary theorists are included, such as H. L.A. Hart, Ronald Dworkin, Robert Nozick, Richard Posner, Richard Epstein, A. M. Honore, and Michael Moore, as well as diverse voices from feminism, critical theory, postmodernism, and critical race theory.

By bringing together these different and distinct voices into dialogue, the volume fully represents the philosophical foundations of various areas of law. By exposing students to a wide-range of theoretical views, this book challenges students to think critically about law in the U.S., other nations, and between nations.

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International Criminal Law and Philosophy
Edited By Larry May and Zachary Hoskins

International Criminal Law and Philosophy

International Criminal Law and Philosophy is the first anthology to bring together legal and philosophical theorists to examine the normative and conceptual foundations of international criminal law. In particular, through these essays the international group of authors addresses questions of state sovereignty; of groups, rather than individuals, as perpetrators and victims of international crimes; of international criminal law and the promotion of human rights and social justice; and of what comes after international criminal prosecutions, namely, punishment and reconciliation. International criminal law is still an emerging field, and as it continues to develop, the elucidation of clear, consistent theoretical groundings for its practices will be crucial. The questions raised and issues addressed by the essays in this volume will aid in this important endeavour.

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The Moral Foundations of Social Institutions: A Philosophical Study
Seumas Miller

The Moral Foundations of Social Institutions: A 
Philosophical Study

Seumas Miller examines the moral foundations of contemporary social institutions. Offering an original general theory of social institutions, he posits that all social institutions exist to realize various collective ends, indeed, to produce collective goods. He analyses key concepts such as collective responsibility and institutional corruption. Miller also provides distinctive special theories of particular institutions, including governments, welfare agencies, universities, police organizations, business corporations, and communications and information technology entities. These theories are philosophical and, thus, foundational and synoptic in character. They are normative accounts of a sampling of contemporary social institutions, not descriptive accounts of all social institutions, both past and present. Miller also addresses various ethical challenges confronting contemporary institutional designers and policymakers, including the renovation of the international financial system, the "dumbing down" of the media, the challenge of world poverty, and human rights infringements by security agencies combating global terrorism.

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Machina Ethica: A Framework for Computers as Kant Moral Persons
Richard Lucas

Machina Ethica: A Framework for Computers as Kant Moral Persons

Can computers be ethical? This book explores the criteria for computers being a Kant moral persons. Alan Turing the mathematician, once remarked that at some future time we will talk of computers thinking without controversy. Will the same happen to morality: will we speak of computers acting ethical without anyone raising a word of concern? Ought we be concerned? I think so. So much of our technology is thought about after its affects have become embedded, after it is much too late to dodge the bullets of consequences. One of the reasons that some technology sneaks up on us is that we have not thought about its possibility before: that we have not considered its shape or character. I think we ought to do this for the ethics of computers. Here I examine in detail the question of whether computers can be ethical and in this examination look at some of the boundaries that might be in place for them as well as the characteristics they might have to have to be considered ethical.

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Ethics in Practice: Moral Theory and the Professions
Andrew Alexandra and Seumas Miller

Ethics in Practice: Moral Theory and the Professions

Dozens of times a day we are faced with moral dilemmas, and our judgments and actions are guided by our sense of what is right or wrong. But there are times when we find ourselves facing situations of moral complexity and uncertainty. Drawing on numerous case studies, Ethics in Practice is a practical and absorbing discussion on ethics and moral theory, and will help readers to make better informed, and more rationally justifiable, decisions about how to act and judge the actions of others, where there are morally hard choices to be made in their professional working life.

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Ethics and International Affairs
Edited by Joel H. Rosenthal and Christian Barry

Ethics and International Affairs

The third edition of Ethics & International Affairs provides a fresh selection of classroom resources, ideal for courses in international relations, ethics, foreign policy, and related fields. Published with the Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs, this collection contains some of the best contemporary scholarship on international ethics, written by a group of distinguished political scientists, political theorists, philosophers, applied ethicists, and economic development specialists. Each contributor explores how moral theory can inform policy choices regarding topics such as war and intervention, international organizations, human rights, and global economic justice. This book provides an entry point into these key debates and offers a platform for further discussion.

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The Health Impact Fund: Making New Medicines Accessible For All
Aidan Hollis and Thomas Pogge

The Health Impact Fund: Making New Medicines Accessible For All

The Health Impact Fund is a carefully conceived mechanism for improving global health. It rewards pharmaceutical innovators on the basis of measured health effects of medicines and vaccines they choose to register with the fund, in exchange for selling their product everywhere at cost. Patients all over the world get access at prices they can afford. Governments sponsoring this innovative fund are assured that their money is well spent.

This book presents for public consideration a complement to the existing rules governing the development and distribution of new medicines. It shows that the proposed Health Impact Fund is feasible and that it would produce large gains in global public health and economic productivity at comparatively low cost. Readers are asked for help in perfecting the proposal and for political support.

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Nanotechnology & Society: Current and Emerging Ethical Issues
Edited by Fritz Allhoff and Patrick Lin

i> Nanotechnology & SocietyNanotechnology & Society is a collection of sixteen papers focused on the most urgent issues arising from nanotechnology today and in the near future. Written by leading researchers, policy experts, and nanoethics scholars worldwide, the book is divided into five units: foundational issues; risk and regulation; industry and policy; the human condition; and selected global issues. The essays tackle such contentious issues as environmental impact, health dangers, medical benefits, intellectual property, professional code of ethics, privacy, international governance, and more.

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Messy Morality: The Challenge of Politics
C. A. J. Coady

Messy Morality: The Challenge of Politics

Coady explores the challenges that morality poses to politics. He confronts the complex intellectual tradition known as realism, which seems to deny any relevance of morality to politics, especially international politics. He argues that, although realism has many serious faults, it has lessons to teach us: in particular, it cautions us against the dangers of moralism in thinking about politics and particularly foreign affairs. Morality must not be confused with moralism: Coady characterizes various forms of moralism and sketches their distorting influence on a realistic political morality. He seeks to restore the concept of ideals to an important place in philosophical discussion, and to give it a particular pertinence in the discussion of politics. He deals with the fashionable idea of "dirty hands," according to which good politics will necessarily involve some degree of moral taint or corruption. Finally, he examines the controversial issue of the role of lying and deception in politics.

Along the way Coady offers illuminating discussion of historical and current political controversies. This lucid book will provoke and stimulate anyone interested in the interface of morality and politics.

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Military Ethics
Edited by C. A. J. (Tony) Coady and Igor Primoratz

Military Ethics

Recent developments such as the 'new wars' or the growing privatisation of warfare, and the ever more sophisticated military technology, present the military with difficult ethical challenges. This book offers a selection of the best scholarly articles on military ethics published in recent decades. It gives a hearing to all the main ethical approaches to war: just war theory, consequentialism, and pacifism. Part I includes essays on justice of war (jus ad bellum), focussing on defence against aggression and humanitarian armed intervention, but also addressing topics such as conscientious objection and the relation of patriotism to war.

Articles in Part II deal with the central problems of justice in war (jus in bello): civilian immunity and 'collateral damage' to civilian life and property. Essays in Part III look into the moral issues facing the military as a profession, such as the civil - military relations, the responsibilities of officers to their soldiers and to their military superiors, and the status and responsibilities of prisoners of war.

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The Freedom Paradox: Towards a Post-secular Ethics
Clive Hamilton

The Freedom Paradox: Towards a Post-secular Ethics

A radical reconsideration of the meaning of freedom and morality in the modern world.

Why is it so many of us lack contentment, despite all the wealth and freedoms we enjoy?

The past two centuries delivered individual and political freedoms that promised unprecedented opportunities for personal fulfilment. Yet citizens of affluent countries are encouraged to pursue lives of consumerism, endless choice and the pleasures of the body.

Clive Hamilton argues that the paradox of modern consumer life is that we are deprived of our inner freedom by our very pursuit of our own desires. He turns to metaphysics to find a source of transformation that lies beyond the cultural, political and social philosophies that form the bedrock of contemporary western thought.

His search takes him to an unexpected conclusion: that we cannot be truly free unless we commit ourselves to a moral life. The implications of this conclusion are profound, and they challenge many deeply held beliefs in modern secular society.

em>The Freedom Paradox is a bold and important work that goes to the heart of what it means to be human.

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The Morality of Money: An Exploration in Analytic Philosophy
Adrian Walsh and Tony Lynch

The Morality of Money: An Exploration in Analytic Philosophy

The morality of sex, violence and money is at the centre of much human life, but while the first two have been subject to intensive historical and philosophical investigation, the latter, until now, has largely been neglected. This book remedies that neglect.

  • Does everything have a price?
  • Does the pursuit of money corrupt our moral character?
  • Can market prices be unfair or unjust?
  • Should there be no restrictions on loaning at interest?
  • Should we leave morality aside when it comes to money and markets?

The authors explore these questions and more from an historical and philosophical perspective, and in so doing provide the first comprehensive introduction to the morality of money.

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Ethical and Philosophical Consideration of the Dual-Use Dilemma in the Biological Sciences
Seumas Miller and Michael J. Selgelid

Ethical and Philosophical Consideration of the Dual-Use Dilemma in the

The dual-use dilemma arises in the context of research in the biological and other sciences as a consequence of the fact that one and the same piece of scientific research sometimes has the potential to be used for harmful as well as good purposes. Discoveries that may lead to important advances in science and medicine might therefore also facilitate development of biological weapons of mass destruction. Scientists should be aware of the ways in which their well-intentioned research could be misused by others - and they should sometimes avoid research projects when the potential for harmful misuse is great. Policy makers must make tough choices about the extent to which the dual-use nature of research might justify increased oversight, regulation, and perhaps even censorship of science.

This book examines the kinds of life-science experiments that give rise to the dual-use dilemma and provides philosophical analysis of the ethical issues and policy options surrounding dual-use research. Though the dual-use dilemma is an ethical issue, the vast majority of literature on the topic thus far has been written by scientists and security experts: this is the first book-length treatment of the topic by professional ethicists. It also challenges, and offers an alternative perspective to, the hugely influential U.S. National Research Council position on the dual-use dilemma.

For review see here:

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Aggression and Crimes Against Peace
Larry May

Aggression and Crimes Against PeaceIn this volume, the third in his trilogy on the philosophical and legal aspects of war and conflict, Larry May locates a normative grounding for the crime of aggression—the only one of the three crimes charged at Nuremberg that is not currently being prosecuted—that is similar to that for crimes against humanity and war crimes. He considers cases from the Nuremberg trials, philosophical debates in the Just War tradition, and more recent debates about the International Criminal Court, as well as the hard cases of humanitarian intervention and terrorist aggression.

May argues that crimes of aggression, sometimes called crimes against peace, deserve international prosecution when one State undermines the ability of another State to protect human rights. His thesis refutes the traditional understanding of aggression, which often has been interpreted as a crossing of borders by one sovereign state into another sovereign state. At Nuremberg, crimes against humanity charges were only pursued if the defendant also engaged in the crime of aggression. May argues for a reversal of this position, contending that aggression charges should be pursued only if the defendant’s acts involve serious human rights violations.

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Patriotism: Philosophical and Political Perspectives
Edited by Igor Primoratz and Aleksandar Pavković

Patriotism: Philosophical and Political Perspectives

Economic and cultural globalization and the worldwide threat of terrorism have contributed to the resurgence of patriotic loyalty in many parts of the world and made the issues it raises highly topical. This collection of new essays by philosophers and political theorists engages with a wide range of conceptual, moral and political questions raised by the current revival of patriotism. It displays both similarities and differences between patriotism and nationalism, and considers the proposal of Habermas and others to disconnect the two.

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War: Essays in Political Philosophy
Edited by Larry May with the assistance of Emily Crookston

War: Essays in Political Philosophy

War has been a key topic of speculation and theorizing ever since the invention of philosophy in classical antiquity. This anthology brings together the work of distinguished contemporary political philosophers and theorists who address the leading normative and conceptual issues concerning war.

The book is divided into three parts: initiating war, waging war, and ending war. The contributors aim to provide a comprehensive introduction to each of these main areas of dispute concerning war. Each essay is an original contribution to ongoing debates on various aspects of war and also provides a survey of the main topics in each subfield. Serving as a companion to the theoretical issues pertaining to war, this volume also is an important contribution to debates in political philosophy.

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Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism: Ethics and Liberal Democracy
Seumas Miller

Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism: Ethics and Liberal Democracy

No one denies the impact of terrorism in the contemporary world, but when it comes to understanding the nature of terrorism and its ethical implications there is little agreement. Terrorism and our responses to it give rise to the profound moral issues addressed in this book, including the moral permissibility/impermissibility of terrorists using lethal force against non-combatants in the service of political goals, the practices of assassinating and torturing terrorists, and the infringement of civil liberties by security agencies for the purpose of protecting the lives of citizens against terrorist attacks.

By placing terrorism within the broader framework of contemporary liberal democracies, the author provides a strong basis with which to understand the effects of terrorism and the counter-measures used to combat it. This book is an important read for anyone interested in the ethics of terrorism in the modern world.

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Information Technology and Moral Philosophy
Edited by Jeroen van den Hoven and John Weckert

Information Technology and Moral PhilosophyInformation technology is an integral part of the practices and institutions of postindustrial society. It is also a source of hard moral questions and thus is both a probing and a relevant area for moral theory. In this volume, an international team of philosophers sheds light on many of the ethical issues arising from information technology, including informational privacy, the digital divide and equal access, e-trust, and teledemocracy.

Collectively, these essays demonstrate how accounts of equality and justice and property and privacy benefit from taking into account how information technology has shaped our social and epistemic practices and our moral experiences. Information technology changes the way we look at the world and deal with one another. It calls, therefore, for a re-examination of notions such as friendship, care, commitment, and trust.

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Physicians at War: The Dual-Loyalties Challenge
Edited by Fritz Allhoff

Physicians at WarThere are a range of ethical issues that confront physicians in times of war, as well as some of the uses of physicians during wars. This book presents a theoretical apparatus which undergirds those debates, namely by casting physicians as being confronted with dual-loyalties during times of war. While this theoretical apparatus has already been developed in other contexts, it has not been specifically brought to bear on the ethical conflicts that attain in wars. Arguably, wars thrust physicians into ethical conflicts insofar as these wars create a tension between a physician’s obligation to heal and an obligation to serve some other good (e.g., military chain of command, national security, the greater good, etc.). Alternatively, we can debate whether this conception is appropriate. For example, one could argue that that non-medical duties cannot attach to physicians (e.g., due to nonoverlapping spheres of justice), thus abrogating the dual-loyalty challenge. Or else one could argue that these medically-trained personnel do not act qua physicians at all (but rather partisan advocates) and therefore duties that would otherwise attach to physicians do not attach here.

In the first part of this book, these issues are debated. In the second part of the book, the dual-loyalities frame is used to explore various substantive debates that obtain when the military makes use of physicians. Physician involvement in torture is a heated topic, and certainly the most visible element of the debate. Also, however, we could use the dual-loyalties framework to explore issues in other arenas, such as: development of chemical and biological weapons, medical neutrality/battlefield triage, and so on. In each of these cases, the same tensions arguably exist: physicians have duties both to their patients and ‘elsewhere’ (which, depending on the details of the view, could be any of the above-mentioned ends).

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Global Ethics: Seminal Essays
Edited by Thomas Pogge and Keith Horton
Global Justice: Seminal Essays
Edited by Thomas Pogge and Darrel Moellendorf

Global Ethics: Seminal EssaysGlobal Justice: Seminal EssaysIn recent decades, there has been an explosion of interest in global ethics -- the study of ethical issues with significant global dimensions. These companion volumes provide a sample of the best recent work on those issues.

Topics treated include whether individuals and governments in rich countries should give more aid to people in poor countries, and what the nature of any such duties might be; the causes of persistent poverty in certain countries; the conditions under which military action aimed at protecting human rights in foreign countries might be morally justified; the moral basis for the right to self-determination; whether attitudes such as patriotism and nationalism are morally justified in today's world, and if so, what justifies them; what "development" is; whether there could be a genuinely universal consensus on human rights; and what response might be morally required to such global problems as population growth and climate change.

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Dealing Fairly with Developing Country Debt
Edited by Christian Barry, Barry Herman and Lydia Tomitova

Dealing Fairly with Developing Country DebtThe recent economic collapse in Argentina and financial crisis in Turkey, and the persistent unsustainable debt burdens of many developing countries highlight the practically urgent problem of excessive indebtedness. High debt levels can limit a sovereign government's capacity to provide social services necessary for the well-being of its citizens, and divert resources and energy from the pursuit of long-term development strategies.

In this book, philosophers, theologians, lawyers and economists examine questions related to how to deal fairly with the over-indebted governments of developing countries. These questions include: How do you balance obligations to repay a debt with potentially worsening poverty in the debtor country? Should creditors be held accountable--and if so, how--for loans to governments that are not even minimally representative of their people's interests? Are there reforms to the practices governing sovereign borrowing and lending to sovereigns that would increase fairness in how the world treats developing countries with debt difficulties?

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Private Military and Security Companies: Ethics, Policies and Civil-Military Relations
Edited by Andrew Alexandra, Deane-Peter Baker, Marina Caparini

Private Military and Security CompaniesOver the past twenty years, Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs) have become significant elements of national security arrangements, assuming many of the functions that have traditionally been undertaken by state armies. Given the centrality of control over the use of coercive force to the functioning and identity of the modern state, and to international order, these developments clearly are of great practical and conceptual interest.

This edited volume provides an interdisciplinary overview of PMSCs: what they are, why they have emerged in their current form, how they operate, their current and likely future military, political, social and economic impact, and the moral and legal constraints that do and should apply to their operation. The book focuses firstly upon normative issues raised by the development of PMSCs, and then upon state regulation and policy towards PMSCs, examining finally the impact of PMSCs on civil-military relations. It takes an innovative approach, bringing theory and empirical research into mutually illuminating contact. Includes contributions from experts in IR, political theory, international and corporate law, and economics, and also breaks important new ground by including philosophical discussions of PMSCs.

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Ethics and Criminal Justice: An Introduction
John Kleinig

Ethics and Criminal Justice: An IntroductionThis textbook looks at the main ethical questions that confront the criminal justice system – legislature, law enforcement, courts, and corrections - and those who work within that system, especially police officers, prosecutors, defence lawyers, judges, juries, and prison officers. John Kleinig sets the issues in the context of a liberal democratic society and its ethical and legislative underpinnings, and illustrates them with a wide and international range of real-life case studies.

Topics covered include discretion, capital punishment, terrorism, restorative justice, and re-entry. Kleinig's discussion is both philosophically acute and grounded in institutional realities, and will enable students to engage productively with the ethical questions which they encounter both now and in the future - whether as criminal justice professionals or as reflective citizens.

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World Poverty and Human Rights: Cosmopolitan Responsibilities and Reforms (Second Edition)
Thomas Pogge

World Poverty and Human Rights: Cosmopolitan Responsibilities and ReformsThe poorest 46 percent of humankind have 1.2 percent of global income. Their purchasing power per person per day is less than that of $2.15 in the US in 1993; 826 million of them do not have enough to eat. One-third of all human deaths are from poverty-related causes: 18 million annually, including 12 million children under five.

At the other end, the 15 percent of humankind in the 'high-income economies' have 80 percent of global income. Shifting 1 or 2 percent of our share toward poverty eradication seems morally compelling. Yet recent years have in fact brought a large shift toward greater global inequality, as most of the affluent believe that they have no such responsibility.

Thomas Pogge's book seeks to explain how this belief is sustained. He analyses how our moral and economic theorizing and our global economic order have adapted to make us appear disconnected from massive poverty abroad. Dispelling the illusion, he also offers a modest, widely sharable standard of global economic justice and makes detailed, realistic proposals toward fulfilling it.

Thoroughly updated, the second edition of this classic book incorporates responses to critics and a new chapter introducing Pogge's current work on pharmaceutical patent reform.

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International Trade and Labor Standards: A Proposal for Linkage
Christian Barry and Sanjay Reddy

International Trade and Labor Standards: A Proposal for LinkageChristian Barry and Sanjay G. Reddy examine how the international trading system can be reformed so as better to support efforts by poor countries to promote the well-being of their peoples. Progressive governments in poor countries fear that if they undertake measures that enhance real wages and working conditions, rising labor costs will force richer countries to import from and invest elsewhere. However, if the world trading system were designed to facilitate or even reward the implementation of labor reforms, poor countries can reform their policies and practices without fear of retaliation. New rules for international trade can lessen the collective-action problem among poor countries, leading to a substantial increase in their freedom to pursue policies that better serve the interests of their people. Incorporating the right kind of linkage between trading opportunities and the promotion of labor standards will empower countries, allowing them greater effective sovereignty and enabling them to improve the circumstances of working people.

Barry and Reddy demonstrate how linkage can be made acceptable to all players in the global marketplace, and they thoroughly defend these ideas from detractors. Their volume is accessible to ordinary readers but draws on sophisticated economic and philosophical arguments and includes response essays from leading labor activists, economists, and philosophers from throughout the world (including Kyle Bagwell, Robert Goodin, Rohini Hensman, and Roberto Mangabeira Unger).


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Morality and Political Violence
C. A. J. (Tony) Coady

Morality and Political ViolencePolitical violence in the form of wars, insurgencies, terrorism, and violent rebellion constitutes a major human challenge. C. A. J. Coady brings a philosophical and ethical perspective as he places the problems of war and political violence in the frame of reflective ethics. Coady re-examines a range of urgent problems pertinent to political violence against the background of a contemporary approach to just war thinking. The problems examined include: the right to make war and conduct war, terrorism, revolution, humanitarianism, mercenary warriors, the ideal of peace and the right way to end war. Coady attempts to vindicate the contemporary relevance of the just war tradition to current problems without applying the tradition in a merely mechanical or uncritical fashion.

• The moral justification for war, terrorism, and other forms of political violence • Discusses these matters in the light of contemporary and recent outbreaks of political violence, but also in light of past outbreaks • Offers a philosophical perspective to bear on these urgent issues of public concern 

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Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology
Edited by Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin, James Moor and John Weckert


Nanotechnology will eventually impact every area of our world Nanoethics seeks to examine the potential risks and rewards of applications of nanotechnology. This up-to-date anthology gives the reader an introduction to and basic foundation in nanotechnology and nanoethics, and then delves into near-, mid-, and far-term issues. Comprehensive and authoritative, it:

  • Goes beyond the usual environmental, health, and safety (EHS) concerns to explore such topics as privacy, nanomedicine, human enhancement, global regulation, military, humanitarianism, education, artificial intelligence, space exploration, life extension, and more
  • Features contributions from forty preeminent experts from academia and industry worldwide, reflecting diverse perspectives
  • Includes seminal works that influence nanoethics today
  • Encourages an informed, proactive approach to nanoethics and advocates addressing new and emerging controversies before they impede progress or impact our welfare

This resource is designed to promote further investigations and a broad and balanced dialogue in nanoethics, dealing with critical issues that will affect the industry as well as society. While this will be a definitive reference for students, scientists in academia and industry, policymakers, and regulators, it's also a valuable resource for anyone who wants to understand the challenges, principles, and potential of nanotechnology.

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A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy (Second Edition)
2 Volumes
Edited by Robert E. Goodin, Philip Pettit and Thomas Pogge

A Companion to Contemporary Political PhilosophyA Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy

An essential reference for anyone interested in this dynamic field, the new edition of A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy has been extended significantly to include 55 chapters across two volumes written by some of today's most distinguished scholars and is the most current and comprehensive resource available.

  • Provides in-depth coverage of contemporary philosophical debate in all major related disciplines, such as economics, history, law, political science, international relations and sociology
  • Presents analysis of key political ideologies, including new chapters on Cosmopolitanism and Fundamentalism
  • Includes detailed discussions of major concepts in political philosophy, including virtue, power, human rights, and just war
  • New contributors include some of today’s most distinguished scholars, among them Thomas Pogge, Charles Beitz, and Michael Doyle

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The Limits of Loyalty
Simon Keller

The Limits of LoyaltyWe prize loyalty in our friends, lovers and colleagues, but loyalty raises difficult questions. What is the point of loyalty? Should we be loyal to country, just as we are loyal to friends and family? Can the requirements of loyalty conflict with the requirements of morality?

In this book Simon Keller explores the varieties of loyalty and their psychological and ethical differences, and concludes that loyalty is an essential but fallible part of human life. He argues that grown children can be obliged to be loyal to their parents, that good friendship can sometimes conflict with moral and epistemic standards, and that patriotism is intimately linked with certain dangers and delusions. He goes on to build an approach to the ethics of loyalty that differs from standard communitarian and universalist accounts. His book will interest a wide range of readers in ethics and political philosophy.

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Civilian Immunity in War
Edited by Igor Primoratz

Civilian Immunity in WarThe protection of noncombatants from deadly violence is the centerpiece of any account of ethical and legal constraints on war. It was a major achievement of moral progress from early modern times to World War I. Yet it has been under constant attrition since -- perhaps never more so than in our time, with its "new wars", the specter of weapons of mass destruction, and the global terrorism alert.

span class="star-caretcode-i">Civilian Immunity in War, written in collaboration by eleven authors, provides the first comprehensive analysis of all main aspects of this highly topical subject. It considers the arguments for rejection of civilian immunity and the main theories of the grounds and proper scope of this immunity, both deontological (just war theory) and consequentialist. Separate chapters examine the historical development of the idea of civilian immunity, its standing in current international law, and the problem of "collateral damage": of harming civilians without intent, as a side-effect of attacks on military targets.

The volume also addresses a string of specific issues. Civilian immunity has undergone much attrition with the development of air warfare and the tendency of military conflict to degenerate into "total" war. On the other hand, modern military technology with its precision guidance missiles and "smart" bombs opens up the possibility of restricting deadly violence to its proper targets and staying clear of civilian life, limb, and property. Another pressing issue is the fate of women in war in light of mass rapes characteristic of some "new wars".

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Informed Consent and Clinician Accountability: The Ethics of Report Cards on Surgeon Performance
Edited by Steve Clarke and Justin Oakley

Informed Consent and Clinician Accountability: The Ethics of Report Cards on This timely book analyses and evaluates ethical and social implications of recent developments in reporting surgeon performance. It contains chapters by leading international specialists in philosophy, bioethics, epidemiology, medical administration, surgery, and law, demonstrating the diversity and complexity of debates about this topic, raising considerations of patient autonomy, accountability, justice, and the quality and safety of medical services. Performance information on individual cardiac surgeons has been publicly available in parts of the US for over a decade. Survival rates for individual cardiac surgeons in the UK have recently been released to the public. This trend is being driven by various factors, including concerns about accountability, patients’ rights, quality and safety of medical care, and the need to avoid scandals in medical care. This trend is likely to extend to other countries, to other clinicians, and to professions beyond health care, making this text an essential addition to the literature available.

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Private Equity, Corporate Governance and the Dynamics of Capital Market Regulation
Edited by Justin O'Brien

Private EquityGlobal capital markets are in a state of flux. Castigated in the past as "Barbarians at the Gate", private equity providers are once again proclaiming the end of the public corporation. This important book addresses the implications of private equity for the governance of corporations, the capital markets in which they operate and the professionals who provide corporate advisory services.
The book evaluates and ranks the precise nature of the risk posed by private equity by situating it within an overarching analysis of the dynamics of financial capitalism. Key issues addressed include: the management of conflicts of interest, fiduciary duties, the role of enforcement, the efficacy of adopting a rules- or principles-based system of regulation, the form and function of compliance, and a detailed examination of how to embed accountability into an integrity system for the financial markets. The book therefore has enormous benefit for industry, regulatory and academic communities alike. 

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Torture and the Military Profession
Jessica Wolfendale

p> Torture and the Military ProfessionTorture is banned in international law and condemned by government and military officials. Yet military torture is widespread. Despite the military's claim to be a profession bound by high moral standards, military personnel are involved in the illegal and immoral use of torture. This discrepancy between rhetoric and reality demands explanation. What's wrong with the military profession?
Torture and the Military Profession explores this question by bringing together a philosophical analysis of military professional ethics with an examination of military training and the training of torturers. Jessica Wolfendale argues that by claiming professional status, the military is constrained by high moral standards that forbid the use of torture. Yet in most cases it is military personnel who are torturers. She demonstrates that this discrepancy between rhetoric and reality occurs not because of human weakness but because basic and elite military training instils dispositions linked to crimes of obedience, aided by a perverted version of professionalism. By undermining the ability of military personnel to uphold the laws of war, she argues that this training seriously undermines the military's claim to be professional. If the military is genuinely committed to its stated moral values, then it must radically rethink current training methods.

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Freedom from Poverty as a Human Right: Who Owes What to the Very Poor?
Edited by Thomas Pogge

Freedom from PovertyCollected here in one volume are fifteen cutting-edge essays by leading academics which together clarify and defend the claim that freedom from poverty is a human right with corresponding binding obligations on the more affluent to practice effective poverty avoidance. The nature of human rights and their corresponding duties is examined, as is the theoretical standing of the social, economic and cultural rights. The authors largely agree in concluding that there is a human right to be free from poverty and that this right is massively violated by the present world economy which creates huge unfair imbalances in income and wealth among and within countries. This searing indictment of the status quo is all the more powerful as the authors endorsing it exemplify diverse philosophical methods and moral traditions and also highlight different aspects of poverty and global institutional arrangements.

This volume will be of great interest and value to academics working in the fields of philosophy, political science and international relations, as well as to undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines. It will also be a crucial aid and challenge to practitioners in international governmental organizations (such as the UN and its agencies) and NGOs who think of their work in human-rights terms. Indeed, in view of the magnitude of the human rights deficit at issue, any moral citizen has reason to engage with the arguments of this book. And the book makes this possible for most in that, throughout, even the most complex aspects of rights theory is discussed in clear, direct language, making the text accessible to specialists and lay readers alike.

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The New Corporate Accountability
Corporate Social Responsibility and the Law
Edited by Doreen McBarnet, Aurora Voiculescu, Tom Campbell

John Rawls. His Life and Theory of Justice

The adoption by companies of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policies is routinely characterised as voluntary. But if CSR is self-governance by business, it is self-governance that has received a firm push from external social and market forces, from forces of social accountability. Law is also playing a more significant role than the image of CSR suggests, and this legal accountability - the focus of the book - is set to increase. Legal intervention should not, however, be seen as making social accountability redundant. Wider ethical standards and social and market forces are also necessary to make legal regulation effective. Law is being brought into play in innovative and indirect ways. The initiative lies as much with private organizations as with the state. At the same time governments are using social and market forces to foster CSR. In the context of corporate social responsibility, a new, multi-faceted, corporate accountability is emerging.

  • Both academics and business practitioners will benefit from an appreciation of the complex interaction of legal, social and economic pressures to promote socially responsible conduct by corporations
  • The book is unique in making the relationship between law and CSR its chief focus
  • The book will serve to improve the quality of dialogue between business, politicians, civil society and academics on CSR by getting away from simplistic arguments for and against making CSR a voluntary matter

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John Rawls: His Life and Theory of Justice
Thomas Pogge Translated by Michelle Kosch

John Rawls. His Life and Theory of JusticeJohn Rawls was one of the most important political philosophers of our time, and promises to be an enduring figure over the coming decades. His Theory of Justice (1971) has had a profound impact across philosophy, politics, law, and economics. Nonetheless Rawlsian theory is not easy to understand, particularly for beginners, and his writing can be dense and forbidding. Thomas Pogge's short introduction (originally published in German) gives a thorough and concise presentation of the main outlines of Rawls's theory, introduces biographical information when necessary, and draws links between the Rawlsian enterprise and other important positions in moral and political philosophy.

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Politics And Morality
Edited by Igor Primoratz

Primoratz. Politics And MoralityA timely contribution from prominent philosophers to the public debate about morality and politics, exploring the fundamental problem of their relation and a string of specific issues. Is political morality more permissive of deception, manipulation and violence? Is there room for morality in international relations? Is patriotism a virtue? What are the moral costs of policies that keep out most of those seeking immigration or asylum? May we use torture in the 'war on terror'? What are the moral hazards of military obedience?

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Virtue Ethics and Professional Roles
Justin Oakley and Dean Cocking

Virtue Ethics and Professional RolesProfessionals, it is said, have no use for simple lists of virtues and vices. The complexities and constraints of professional roles create peculiar moral demands on the people who occupy them, and traits that are vices in ordinary life are praised as virtues in the context of professional roles. Should this disturb us, or is it naive to presume that things should be otherwise? Taking medical and legal practice as key examples, Justin Oakley and Dean Cocking develop a rigorous articulation and defence of virtue ethics, contrasting it with other types of character-based ethical theories and showing that it offers a promising new approach to the ethics of professional roles. They provide insights into the central notions of professional detachment, professional integrity, and moral character in professional life, and demonstrate how a virtue-based approach can help us better understand what ethical professional-client relationships would be like.

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Information Technology and Social Justice
Emma Rooksby and John Weckert

Information Technology and Social JusticeThe term digital divide is still used regularly to characterize the injustice associated with inequalities in access to information and communication technologies (ICTs). As the debate continues and becomes more sophisticated, more and more aspects of the distribution of ICTs are singled out as relevant to characterizations of the digital divide and of its moral status. The best way to articulate the digital divide is to relate it to other aspects of social and distributive justice, using a mixture of pre-existing theories within moral and political philosophy. These theories are complemented with contributions from sociology, communication studies, information systems, and a range of other disciplines. Information Technology and Social Justice presents conceptual frameworks for understanding and tackling digital divides. It includes information on access and skills, access and motivation, and other various levels of access. It also presents a detailed analysis of the benefits and value of access to ICTs.

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Ethical Practice in Social Work: An applied approach
Wendy Bowles, Michael Collingridge, Steven Curry and Bruce Valentine

Ethical Practice in Social Work. An applied approachIn an increasingly fragmented and regulated world, the authors of Ethical Practice in Social Work argue that social work has become detached from its ethical roots. Their aim is to reinstate ethics as the driving force of good social work and welfare practice.

em>Ethical Practice in Social Work provides the tools to develop essential ethical decision-making and problem-solving skills. Taking an applied approach with case studies in each chapter, the authors demonstrate how ethical principles can be used to transform practice into an effective, inclusive and empowering process for both professionals and their clients.

They discuss the ethical principles social workers have traditionally adhered to, the role of the good social worker' in the contemporary context, professionalism, and the way in which ethics can be used to reconcile the often differing demands of employers, community groups, clients, the profession and their own personal values.

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Ethical Challenges for Intervening in Drug Use: Policy, Research and Treatment Issues
John Kleinig and Stanley Einstein

Ethical Challenges for Intervening in Drug Use: Policy, Research and Treatment IssuesThis volume was initiated to meet the challenges of the increasing contemporary trend to “treat” substance users (in the broadest sense of this concept), whether in institutional settings, ambulatory programs, or even controlled environments such as prisons. Although several essays concentrate more particularly on some of the ethico-moral problems encountered by juridico-moral interventions—problems relating to criminalization, decriminalization, legalization, and interdiction—the main focus is on broadly medical or therapeutic responses to drug use, and in particular on problems encountered within the domain of drug user counseling. The volume, which comprises twenty-eight essays, is divided into three sections: policy issues, research issues; and treatment issues. Codes of ethics for drug user counselors can be found as an appendix.

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Police Ethics
Seumas Miller

Police EthicsThis important volume brings together many of the most influential articles and essays in the emerging field of police ethics, and specifically the philosophical literature on ethical issues that arise in policing. Topics covered include theories of policing; police authority and police discretion; police culture; corruption; deadly force and rights of suspects.

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What's Wrong with Moralism?
Edited by: C. A. J. Coady

Coady. Whats Wrong with MoralismThis thought-provoking book examines exactly what people mean when they accuse others of being "moralistic".

  • Written by an international team of philosophers
  • Analyses what the "vice" of moralism might be and contrasts this with a genuine concern for morality
  • Contributors draw upon literary sources, philosophical theories and political theory
  • Helps readers to appreciate the role that morality really plays in our judgements and decisions.

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Redesigning Financial Regulation: The Politics of Enforcement
Justin O'Brien

OBrien. Private Equity Corporate Governance And The Dynamics Of Capital Market RegulationAt the height of the 1990s boom, Jack Grubman, one of the most successful analysts in Wall Street proclaimed 'what used to be conflicts of interest are now synergies'. This myopia contributed dramatically to the elevation of a culture in which greed was deified, oversight denigrated and misfeasance justified. Since the fall of the markets and the implosion of confidence in the American corporate business model, one man has proved instrumental in deconstructing the rhetoric of the 1990s: Eliot Spitzer, the combative Attorney General of New York. In the process, his innovative application of state law has reconfigured the governance of Wall Street.

Over the past three years the pursuit of transparency and accountability in the structure of the markets has propelled Spitzer to the forefront of regulatory policy. His investigations into tainted analyst research, the mutual funds industry, the governance of the New York Stock Exchange and the insurance industry have focused attention not just on corrupted individuals but also the complicity of the financial structure itself. Spitzer exploited the inherent conflicts of interest to the full, forcing regulators to adopt a much more proactive approach and creating a national platform for his own wider political ambitions. Now holding the Democratic nomination for the Governorship of New York, Spitzer has begun a path for higher national office.

This groundbreaking book features exclusive access with many of the key actors in these changes to the governance of Wall Street. It examines how Eliot Spitzer exploited gaps in the regulatory framework to capture the corporate reform agenda and explores the implications of his actions on policy formation and recalibration.

Key incidents include: changing the terms of reference governing analyst research; the defenestration of Dick Grasso's tenure over the NYSE (which is now being heard in state court in New York); and the battles for control between the former Chairman of the Securities Exchange Commission, Harvey Pitt, and Spitzer.

The book details not only the contested, contingent and interdependent connections between the American political and financial systems but reveals how Spitzer's manipulation of those connections have proved instrumental in enhancing his own wider political ambitions.

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Ethics and Infectious Disease
Edited by: Michael Selgelid, Margaret Battin and Charles B. Smith

Ethics and Infectious DiseaseThis seminal collection on the ethical issues associated with infectious disease is the first book to correct bioethics' glaring neglect of this subject.

  • Timely in view of public concern about SARS, AIDS, avian flu, bioterrorism and antibiotic resistance.
  • Brings together new and classic papers by prominent figures.
  • Tackles the ethical issues associated with issues such as quarantine, vaccination policy, pandemic planning, biodefense, wildlife disease and health care in developing countries.

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The Morality of War: Classical and Contemporary Readings
Edited by Larry May, Eric Rovie and Steve Viner

The Morality of War: Classical and Contemporay Readings

The first major anthology to survey the field of moral and ethical issues concerning war and peace, this text traces debates from Cicero and Augustine to Kosovo and Iraq today. Issues of self-defense, preemptive war, torture, pacifism, terrorism, and many more are central to the readings in this book.

  • Coverage of the ‘Just War’ tradition from Roman times – as it has confronted pacifism. Provides students with important, hard-to-find historical material.
  • The very best philosophical and religious writings. Gives students contemporary topics as well as grounds them in foundational theory, showing them the justification for war as well as tactics that can be legitimately used in a just war.
  • Very recent writings on the morality of the wars in Kosovo and Iraq, as well as the war on terrorism. Helps students better understand concepts and current “hot” issues.

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Protecting Rights Without a Bill of Rights: Institutional Performance and Reform in Australia
Tom Campbell, Jeffrey Goldsworthy and Adrienne Stone

Protecting Rights Without a Bill of Rights. Institutional Performance and Reform in AustraliaAustralia is now the only major Anglophone country that has not adopted a Bill of Rights. Since 1982 Canada, New Zealand and the UK have all adopted either constitutional or statutory bills of rights. Australia, however, continues to rely on common law, statutes dealing with specific issues such as racial and sexual discrimination, a generally tolerant society and a vibrant democracy. This book focuses on the protection of human rights in Australia and includes international perspectives for the purpose of comparison and it provides an examination of how well Australian institutions, governments, legislatures, courts and tribunals have performed in protecting human rights in the absence of a Bill of Rights.

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Identity, Self-Determination and Secession
Igor Primoratz and Aleksandar Pavkovic

Identity. Self-Determination and SecessionEngaging with a range of interconnected and highly topical issues of identity, self-determination and secession, this book examines the import and implications of 'identity claims', and looks into 'identity politics' motivated by such claims, which is becoming ever more salient in democratic and culturally and ethnically heterogeneous states. It discusses nationalism as an important component of identity of individuals and groups, and a position that generates claims of self-determination and secession on the part of ethnic and cultural groups. It also examines patriotism, which until recently seemed to be on the wane, but has undergone a dramatic revival after the terrorist attacks in the US on 11 September 2001 and the start of a global 'war on terror'.

The book offers a typology of facets of patriotism, an assessment of its moral standing, and a critique of the beliefs about the patria it characteristically involves. Also discussed are topics such as political liberalism vs. 'identity liberalism', the ways a liberal society should treat nonliberal communities within it, the role of heritage and remembrance in national identity, the status of national minorities as an issue of equality, arrangements concerning indigenous peoples and intrastate autonomy as an alternative to secession, and whether secession can be a legal act. The book includes contributions by prominent philosophers and political and legal theorists from Australia, Canada, Israel, and the United States.

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Correctional Ethics
John Kleinig

Kleinig - Correctional EthicsCorrectional Ethics gathers the most prominent contributions to this burgeoning field, ranging from the philosophy of punishment through to ethical appraisals of incarceration, the professional responsibilities of prison personnel, and formative work in restorative justice. In addition, it provides an annotated research agenda to help shape the development of a comprehensive correctional ethic. For those working in correctional ethics, this collection provides an essential resource.

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Police Ethics (2nd Ed)
Seumas Miller, John Blackler and Andrew Alexandra

Police Ethics - 2nd EditionThe authors explore the stark, sometimes shocking reality of real-life policing situations, using them as the basis for detailed analysis of key ethical issues. These situations are drawn from Australia, USA, the UK, Asia and South Africa and range from everyday policing incidents to public events which attracted widespread media attention.

Fully updated with revised case studies, this second edition offers discussion and analysis of current ethical issues including zero tolerance policing, community-based policing, private policing, police and central, state or local government, the internationalisation of policing, specialist roles such as peacekeeping and civil rights in relation to terrorism laws.

em>Police Ethics is essential reading for all police officers, recruits, students and anyone interested in police work.

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Globalisation and Equality
Edited by Keith Horton and Haig Patapa

Globalisation and EqualityIs globalisation creating a more unequal world? Is it creating new forms of inequality? Does it make certain pre-existing forms of inequality more morally or politically significant than they would otherwise have been?

em>Globalisation and Equality examines these and related questions, exploring the way increasing globalisation is challenging our conceptions of equality. The contributors explore these themes from both theoretical and empirical perspectives. Some adopt a more abstract approach, exploring foundational questions concerning the meaning of equality, its social and political dimensions, and more specifically its moral implications in a global context. Others engage the general themes of globalisation and equality by focusing on specific topics, such as welfare, citizenship, gender, culture, and the environment.

Original in the questions it poses, and interdisciplinary in its approach, this collection of essays will appeal to all those with an interest in globalisation and equality.

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Global Institutions and Responsibilities: Achieving Global Justice
Edited by:Christian Barry and Thomas Pogge

Global Institutions and Responsibilities: Achieving Global JusticeThis book helps readers identify feasible and morally plausible reforms of global institutional arrangements and international organizations.

  • A distinctive, practically oriented contribution to debates about global justice.
  • Helps readers to examine the fairness of global rules and institutions.
  • Integrates philosophical thinking about normative responsibility with discussion of practical dilemmas concerning organizations such as the WTO, and rules governing the use of force internationally.
  • Brings together original articles by political philosophers, legal theorists, and economists.
  • Considers the aims of global justice, the institutional arrangements that are required to realise them, and the allocation of responsibilities to promote the required institutional reforms.

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Jury Ethics: Juror Conduct and Jury Dynamics
Edited by John Kleinig and James P. Levine

Jury Ethics: Juror Conduct and Jury DynamicsTrial by jury is one of the most important aspects of the U.S. legal system. A reflective look at how juries actually function brings out a number of ethical questions surrounding juror conduct and jury dynamics: Do citizens have a duty to serve as jurors? Might they seek exemptions? Is it acceptable for jurors to engage in after-hours research? Might a juror legitimately seek to 'nullify' the outcome to express disapproval of the law? Under what conditions might jurors make a valid choice to hold out against or capitulate to their fellow jurors? Is it acceptable to form alliances? After trial, are there problems with entering into publishing contracts? Unfortunately, questions such as these have received scant attention from scholars. This book revives attention to these and other issues of jury ethics by collecting new and insightful essays along with responses from leading scholars in the field of jury studies.

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Rights: A Critical Introduction
Tom Campbell

Rights: A Critical IntroductionWe take rights to be fundamental to everyday life. Rights are also controversial and hotly debated both in theory and practice. Where do rights come from? Are they invented or discovered? What sort of rights are there and who is entitled to them? In this comprehensive introduction, Tom Campbell introduces and critically examines the key philosophical debates about rights.

The first part of the book covers historical and contemporary theories of rights, including the origin and variety of rights and standard justifications of them. He considers challenges to rights from philosophers such as Bentham, Burke and Marx. He also examines different theories of rights, such as natural law, social contract, utilitarian and communitarian theories of rights and the philosophers and political theorists associated with them, such as John Stuart Mill, John Rawls, Robert Nozick and Michael Sandel. The second part of the book explores the role of rights-promoting institutions and critically assesses legal rights and international human rights, including the United Nations. The final part of the book examines how philosophies of rights can be applied to freedom of speech, issues of social welfare and the question of self-determination for certain groups or peoples.

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Real World Justice: Grounds, Principles, Human Rights, and Social Institutions
Edited by Andreas Follesdal and Thomas Pogge

Real World Justice: Grounds Principles Human Rights and Social InstitutionsThe concept of global justice makes visible how we citizens of affluent countries are potentially implicated in the horrors so many must endure in the so-called less developed countries.

Distinct conceptions of global justice differ in their specific criteria of global justice. However, they agree that the touchstone is how well our global institutional order is doing, compared to its feasible alternatives, in regard to the fundamental human interests that matter from a moral point of view.

We are responsible for global regimes such as the global trading system and the rules governing military interventions. These institutional arrangements affect human beings worldwide, for instance by shaping the options and incentives of governments and corporations. Alternative paths of globalization would have differed in how much violence, oppression, and extreme poverty they engender. And global institutional reforms could greatly enhance human rights fullfillment in the future.

The importance of this global justice approach reaches well beyond philosophy. It helps ordinary citizens evaluate their options and their responsibility for global institutional factors, and it challenges social scientists to address the causes of poverty and hunger that act across borders.

The present volume addresses four main topics regarding global justice: The normative grounds for claims regarding the global institutional order, the substantive normative principles for a legitimate global order, the roles of legal human rights standards, and some institutional arrangements that may make the present world order less unjust.

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Ethics and Auditing
Edited by Tom Campbell and Keith Haughton

Ethics and AuditingEthics and Auditing examines ethical challenges exposed by recent accounting and auditing 'lapses' through a study of interconnected moral, legal and accounting issues. The book aims to engage a broad readership in the discussion of audit failure and reform.
With its range of intellectual and practical perspectives, Ethics and Auditing provides critical analyses of auditor independence, conflicts of interest, self-regulation, the setting and enforcing of auditing standards, and ethics education.

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Habitus: A Sense of Place (2nd Edition)
Jean Hillier and Emma Rooksby

Habitus: A Sense of Place - 2nd EditionHabitus is a concept developed by the late French sociologist, Pierre Bourdieu, as a 'sense of one's place...a sense of the other's place'. It relates to our perceptions of the positions (or 'place') of ourselves and other people in the world in which we live and how these perceptions affect our actions and interactions with places and people.

Habitus implies that a web of complex processes links the physical, the social and the mental. Inspired by this concept, this compelling book brings together leading scholars from interdisciplinary fields to examine ways in which spaces and places are constructed, interpreted and used by different people. This second edition contains updated chapter material, together with an entirely new introduction and revised conclusions which recognise the importance of Bourdieu's work.

This publication is a tribute to Pierre Bourdieu's remarkable contribution to the fields of sociology, anthropology, geography, political philosophy and urban planning.

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Righteous Violence : The Ethics and Politics of Military Intervention
Edited by Tony Coady and Michael O'Keefe

Righteous Violence : The ethics and politics of military interventionWhen if ever is military intervention in the affairs of a sovereign nation ethically justifiable?

From the end of World War II until the mid-1990s, military intervention was largely rejected on moral, political and legal grounds. In recent years, in the wake of civil and ethnic wars, ethical thinking about armed intervention has begun to change. The so-called War on Terror has complicated the issue further, with the US arguing for military action against those it regards as a threat to world peace and security.

In Righteous Violence, nine leading thinkers explore the ethical and practical consequences of these changes.

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Ethical Issues in Policing
Seumas Miller and John Blackler

Ethical Issues in PolicingPolice Studies constitute an important area of academic inquiry and policing raises a large number of ethical questions, yet to date there has been a paucity of research on the subject. This significant volume provides an integrated mix of ethico-philosophical analysis combined with practitioner knowledge and experience to examine and address the large number of difficult ethical questions involved in modern-day policing.

  • Outlines a distinctive philosophical theory of policing which promotes the human rights dimension of police work.
  • Analyzes the phenomenon of noble cause corruption and ways to combat it.
  • Examines the role of restorative justice.
  • Discusses the related notions of police authority and police discretion.
  • Assesses the use of coercive and deadly force.
  • Provides a detailed discussion of recent issues such as privacy and confidentiality in the context of new communication and information technologies, and entrapment.

Philosophical in approach and written in an accessible style, the book will be a valuable guide for all those with an interest or involvement in Police Studies, Criminology, Philosophy and Ethics.

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What, No Baby?: Why Women are Losing the Freedom to Mother, and How They Can Get It Back
Leslie Cannold

What No Baby: Why Women are Losing the Freedom to Mother and How They Can Get It BackFull of insight and compassion, What, No Baby? takes us on a journey into the lives of contemporary women whose plans to have it all - marriage, motherhood and work - have been derailed by circumstance, not choice. Leslie Cannold argues that this is the twenty-first century's 'problem without a name' and that the unprecedented obstacles modern women face in achieving the life most of them want are tragically real.

Dr Leslie Cannold, author of the critically acclaimed The Abortion Myth , challenges current understandings about childless women and the western crisis of falling population growth. A highly controversial and original argument and a very timely publication.

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Political Reconciliation
Andrew Schaap

Political ReconciliationSince the end of the Cold War, the concept of reconciliation has emerged as a central term of political discourse within societies divided by a history of political violence. Reconciliation has been promoted as a way of reckoning with the legacy of past wrongs while opening the way for community in the future.

This book examines the issues of transitional justice in the context of contemporary debates in political theory concerning the nature of 'the political'. Bringing together research on transitional justice and political theory, the author argues that if we are to talk of reconciliation in politics we need to think about it in a fundamentally different way than is commonly presupposed; as agonistic rather than restorative.

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Electronic Monitoring in the Workplace: Controversies and Solutions
John Weckert

Electronic Monitoring in the  Workplace: Controversies and SolutionsThe use of new technologies, coupled with the fact that there is an increasing amount of work being done on-line, whether on the Internet, intranets, LANs or other networks, has made extensive employee monitoring by employers inexpensive and easy. Employers have legitimate concerns about the efficiency of their employees, of the quality of the goods or services produced, and in relation to security. Additionally, monitoring can assist in employee health and safety, help reduce or eliminate sexual, racial and other forms of harassment, reveal areas in which training is required, and reduce the potential for crime, corruption, and other illegal activities. There is rising concern about the rights of employees, especially with respect to their rights to privacy, but also, for example, with respect to questions of justice and employee autonomy and dignity, to the legitimacy of some informed consent, to respect for employees as persons, and to trust. Clearly there are conflicting rights and interests. Ways need to be found to resolve these conflicts in a manner that is fair to all. This book contributes to the debate and will point the way toward some solutions. The contributors come from a variety of disciplines, countries, and cultures, and so bring a wide range of perspectives to the issues.

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Advertising Ethics
Edited by Edward Spence and Brett Van Heekeren

Advertising Ethics

  • Asystematic and structured applied philosophical analysis of the nature of adverting - Including its role, its role morality, and an identification and evaluation of specific ethical issues that arise in adverting through an examination of relevant contemporary case studies by reference to ethical theory.
  • Provides students with a text that is theoretically sophisticated but practical at the same time.
  • Comprehensive coverage of the ethics of advertising.
  • Gives students knowledge of moral philosophy and professional and practical ethics as well as knowledge and experience of advertising practice.
  • A rational and ethical decision-making model for identifying and evaluating ethical problems in advertising.
  • Encourages more ethical advertising thinking and practice by giving students a better understanding of advertising ethics specifically, and ethics more generally.

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Corruption and Anti-Corruption : An Applied Philosophical Approach
Seumas Miller, Peter Roberts and Edward Spence

Corruption and Anti-Corruption

  • Juxtaposes ethical theory with major topic in applied ethics courses.
  • Students benefit from seeing the application of theory to contemporary moral problem of corruption, and how to avoid and resolve the problem.
  • Up-to-date examples and numerous case studies.
  • Engages students' appreciation and understanding of cases of corruption presently 'in the news'.
  • Chapter on combating corruption.
  • Offers students constructive ways of responding to and preventing corruption in modern-day systems and enterprises.

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Human Rights and the Moral Responsibilities of Corporate and Public Sector Organisations
Miller, S., and Campbell, T. (eds)

Human Rights and The Moral RespAll students and advocates of human rights will be interested in this concerted exploration of the human rights moral obligations that fall, not directly on states, but on private and public organisations. Such an approach to human rights opens up the possibility of holding corporations and bureaucracies to account for human rights violations even when they have acted in accordance with the law. This interdisciplinary and international project brings together eminent philosophers, lawyers, social scientists and practitioners to articulate theoretically and develop in practical contexts the moral implications of human rights for non-state actors. What emerges from the book as a whole is a distinctive contemporary vision of the emerging moral impact of human rights and its significance for organisational behaviour and performance.

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Prescriptive Legal Positivism: Law, Rights and Democracy
Tom Campbell

Prescriptive Legal Positivism: Law Rights and DemocracyTom Campbell is well known for his distinctive contributions to legal and political philosophy over three decades. In emphasizing the moral and political importance of taking a positivist approach to law and rights, he has challenged current academic orthodoxies and made a powerful case for regaining and retaining democratic control over the content and development of human rights.

This collection of his essays reaches back to his pioneering work on socialist rights in the 1980s and forward from his seminal book, The Legal Theory of Ethical Positivism (1996). An introductory essay provides an historical overview of Professor Campbell's work and argues for the continuing importance of 'democratic positivism' at a time when it is again becoming clear that courts are ineffective protectors of human rights.

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There's Something About Mary; Essays on Phenomenal Consciousness and Frank Jackson's Knowledge Argument
Edited by Peter Ludlow, Yujin Nagasawa and Daniel Stoljar

Theres Something About Mary: Essays on Phenomenal ConsciousnessIn Frank Jackson's famous thought experiment, Mary is confined to a black-and-white room and educated through black-and-white books and lectures on a black-and-white television. In this way, she learns everything there is to know about the physical world. If physicalism -- the doctrine that everything is physical -- is true, then Mary seems to know all there is to know. What happens, then, when she emerges from her black-and-white room and sees the color red for the first time? Jackson's knowledge argument says that Mary comes to know a new fact about color, and that, therefore, physicalism is false. The knowledge argument remains one of the most controversial and important arguments in contemporary philosophy.

em>There's Something About Mary the first book devoted solely to the argument collects the main essays in which Jackson presents (and later rejects) his argument, along with key responses by other philosophers. These responses are organized around a series of questions: Does Mary learn anything new? Does she gain only know-how (the ability hypothesis), or merely get acquainted with something she knew previously (the acquaintance hypothesis)? Does she learn a genuinely new fact or an old fact in disguise? And finally, does she really know all the physical facts before her release, or is this a 'misdescription'? The arguments presented in this comprehensive collection have important implications for the philosophy of mind and the study of consciousness.

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The Ethics of Artificial Uteruses: Implications for Reproduction and Abortion
Stephen Coleman

The Ethics of Artificial Uteruses: Implications for Reproduction and AbortionEctogenesis, the gestation of the foetus outside of the human body, will not for much longer be in the realm of science fiction; a number of projects attempting to develop ectogenetic technology are currently under way. This book examines the ethical implications of the development of ectogenesis.

Examining the implications for abortion ethics in particular, this book also deals with the ethical objections to developing such a technology and the uses to which it may be put, such as creating embryos to supply donor organs for transplantation. The development of the artificial uterus may well be similar to cloning: a sudden technological advance with dramatic ethical implications, thrust suddenly into the public eye.

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Private and Public Corruption
Edited by William C. Heffernan and John Kleinig

Private and Public CorruptionThe various essays in this volume explore the development of ideas of corruption, employing a range of disciplinary approaches. Although we are accustomed to think of corruption as the misuse of public office for private gain, corruption has its deeper roots in the idea of a standard that has been eroded. That standard, however, need not be construed idealistically: much of what is asserted to be corruption takes the form of a departure from conventional standards. In inveighing against corruption, therefore, it is necessary first to examine the presumptions that underlie its imputation. As well as exploring the ethical issues that must be confronted in identifying corruption, the authors also address some of the ethical issues that challenge attempts to root out corruption.

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Indigenous Sovereignty and the Democratic Project
Steven Curry

Indigenous Sovereignty and the Democratic ProjectLiberal democracies are predicated on popular sovereignty - the ideal of government for and by the People. Throughout the developed world indigenous peoples continue to deny legitimacy to otherwise popular governments because their consent has never been sought. Using examples from Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the USA, this book tackles the problem of democratic legitimation from the perspective of indigenous peoples, arguing that having suffered conquest, these people cannot be said to consent until conditions for their consent have been realised. These conditions include constitutional change that recognizes indigenous law as the 'law of the land' - a radical proposal going far beyond the current limits of self-determination.

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Computers and Philosophy 2003
Edited by John Weckert and Yeslam Al-Saggaf

Computers and Philosophy 2003This volume contains selected papers presented at the Computers and Philosophy Conference (CAP2003). Human Rights and the Moral Responsibilities of Corporate and Public Sector Organisations
Edited by Tom Campbell and Seamus Miller

All students and advocates of human rights will be interested in this concerted exploration of the human rights moral obligations that fall, not directly on states, but on private and public organisations. Such an approach to human rights opens up the possibility of holding corporations and bureaucracies to account for human rights violations even when they have acted in accordance with the law. This interdisciplinary and international project brings together eminent philosophers, lawyers, social scientists and practitioners to articulate theoretically and develop in practical contexts the moral implications of human rights for non-state actors. What emerges from the book as a whole is a distinctive contemporary vision of the emerging moral impact of human rights and its significance for organisational behaviour and performance.

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Terrorism: The Philosophical Issues
Edited by Igor Primoratz

Terrorism: The  Philosophical IssuesThe first comprehensive discussion of all the main philosophical issues raised by terrorism, both conceptual and moral, against the background of its past and recent developments. Prominent philosophers and political theorists discuss definitions of terrorism, various approaches to its moral evaluation, and the contentious subject of state terrorism. Terrorism is assessed in terms of its consequences, justice and rights, and from the standpoint of just war theory. Also included are four case studies, showing how the concepts and arguments philosophers deploy in discussing violence, war, and terrorism apply to particular instances of both insurgent and state terrorism: the terror bombing campaigns of World War II, Northern Ireland, the Israeli-Arab conflict, and 11 September 2001 and its aftermath.

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What Makes us Moral? : Crossing the Boundaries of Biology
Neil Levy

What Makes us Moral: Crossing the Boundaries of BiologyIs our motivation to be moral determined totally by our genes, or are there other factors at work? This is the only book to examine the field in its entirety, starting with Darwin and moving on to explore how morality could have evolved, and what we can learn from the discovery of so-called genes for human behaviour. In a powerful conclusion, Levy argues that while our moral motives are products of evolution, so are our immoral ones. We are only truly human when we rise above our 'selfish genes'.

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Restorative Justice - The Empowerment Model
Charles KB Barton

Restorative Justice - The Empowerment ModelCharles Barton gives a clear and insightful analysis of current restorative justice philosophy and theory. He uses a unifying and overarching principle of empowerment to provide a distinct conceptual framework for restorative justice theory and practice.

He puts forward a step-by-step implementation process, which includes restorative meeting facilitation, complete with seating plans and scripted prompts for mediators, keepers, and facilitators. There will also be two sample role plays in the book and additionally there will be four complete role plays available on our website, closer to publication.

Barton emphasises the importance of each participant in a restorative justice meeting - the victims, offenders and their supporters as well as professionals such as police, social workers and legal advocates. Successful programs must consistently and reliably achieve maximally restorative outcomes for all of them.

Practitioners need always keep this objective in mind.. Barton's book will strengthen their comprehension and facilitate application of the practical process.

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Protecting Human Rights: Instruments and Institutions
Edited by Tom Campbell, Jeffrey Goldsworthy and Adrienne Stone

Protecting Human Rights: Instruments and InstitutionsWhat should and what should not to be counted as a human right? What does it mean to identify a right as a human right? And what are the most effective and legitimate means of promoting human rights? This book addresses these questions and the complex relationship between the answers to them.

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World Poverty and Human Rights: Cosmopolitan Responsibilities and Reforms
Thomas Pogge

World Poverty and Human Rights: Cosmopolitan Responsibilities and ReformsThe poorest 46 percent of humankind have 1.2 percent of global income. Their purchasing power per person per day is less than that of $2.15 in the US in 1993; 826 million of them do not have enough to eat. One-third of all human deaths are from poverty-related causes: 18 million annually, including 12 million children under five.

At the other end, the 15 percent of humankind in the 'high-income economies' have 80 percent of global income. Shifting 1 or 2 percent of our share toward poverty eradication seems morally compelling. Yet the prosperous 1990s have in fact brought a large shift toward greater global inequality, as most of the affluent believe that they have no such responsibility.

Thomas Pogge's book seeks to explain how this belief is sustained. He analyses how our moral and economic theorizing and our global economic order have adapted to make us appear disconnected from massive poverty abroad. Dispelling the illusion, he also offers a modest, widely sharable standard of global economic justice and makes detailed, realistic proposals toward fulfilling it.

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Taking Responsibility for the Past : Reparation and Historical Injustice
Janna Thompson

Taking Responsibility for the Past : Reparation and Historical InjusticeInjustices of the past cast a shadow on the present. They are the root cause of much harm, the source of enmity, and increasingly in recent times, the focus of demands for reparation. In this groundbreaking philosophical investigation, Janna Thompson examines the problems raised by reparative demands and puts forward a theory of reparation for historical injustices.

The book argues that the problems posed by historical injustices are best resolved by a reconciliatory view of reparative justice and an approach that explains how people acquire intergenerational responsibilities and entitlements. It ranges in its subject matter from the claims of indigenous people to land stolen from their ancestors to the growing movement for reparations for slavery. The book provides an original and convincing answer to the questions of how citizens can have reparative responsibilities for wrongs committed before they were born, and why descendants of victims may be entitled to compensation for historical injustices such as slavery. It also explains how members of nations can make recompense for injustices of the past without ignoring the inequities of the present.

em>Taking Responsibility for the Past is a significant contribution to philosophical and legal debates about reparative justice, and at the same time an accessible and thought-provoking book for general readers.

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Recent Themes in the Philosophy of Science : Scientific Realism and Commonsense
Edited by Steve Clarke and T. D. Lyons

Recent Themes in the Philosophy of Science: Scientific  Realism and CommonsenseThis volume brings together ten original, thematically-related papers, written by prominent figures in the philosophy of science in Australasia and elsewhere. The contributed papers are focused on two fundamental issues in contemporary philosophy of science, the status of scientific realism and the relationship between science and commonsense. The contemporary scientific realism debate turns on the viability of the claims that science aims at truth and that we can justifiably believe that science has achieved or approximated this aim. Several papers in the collection constitute original contributions to this debate. Other papers explore what appears to be an increasingly divergent relationship between the scientific and commonsense images of the world. This volume is a valuable resource for all who are interested in and engaged by contemporary philosophy of science.

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Email and Ethics: Style and Ethical Relations in Computer-Mediated Communications
Emma Rooksby

Email and Ethics: Style and Ethical Relations in Computer-Mediated CommunicationsE-mail and Ethics explores the ways in which interpersonal relations are affected by being conducted via computer-mediated communication.
The advent of this channel of communication has prompted a renewed investigation into the nature and value of forms of human association. Rooksby addresses these concerns in her rigorous investigation of the benefits, limitations and implications of computer-mediated communication.
With its depth of research and clarity of style, this book will be of essential interest to philosophers, scholars of communication, cultural and media studies, and all those interested in the importance and implications of computer-mediated communication.

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Terrorism and Justice: Moral Argument in a Threatened World
Edited by Tony Coady and Michael O'Keefe

Terrorism and Justice: Moral  Argument in a Threatened WorldTerrorism and Justice is the first book since September 11 to address philosophically the moral and political underpinnings of terrorism and anti-terrorism.

The terrorist attacks on the United States on 11 September 2001 profoundly shocked the international community. Policy-makers are increasingly aware of the inadequacy of existing intellectual, moral and legal frameworks for dealing with such events.

em>Terrorism and Justice is the first book since September 11 to address philosophically the moral and political underpinnings of terrorism and anti-terrorism. It brings together authors with different attitudes and original perspectives on the ethical and practical justifications offered for terrorism, and different conceptual frameworks for assessing and justifying responses to terrorism. Some defend the principle that non-combatants ('innocents' or civilians) should be immune from attack; others qualify it; others again argue that traditional distinctions between combatants and non-combatants do not apply in the case of terrorism.

Can terrorism ever be justified? If not, what are the grounds for condemning it? Is your 'terrorist' my 'freedom fighter'? What are the morally appropriate responses to terrorism--diplomatically, militarily and ethically? These are some of the questions this timely book seeks to explore.

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Moral Relativism: A Short Introduction
Neil Levy

Moral Relativism: A Short Introduction Can an honour killing ever be right?
Can terrorism ever be justified?

a source of constant debate between its advocates and opponents, moral relativism is essentially the view that concepts of 'rightness' and 'wrongness' vary from culture to culture. This accessible new introduction by a dynamic young scholar examines the history and development of moral relativism, considering the arguments for and against, and considering both the moral and intellectual parts of the debate. With coverage of such topics as September 11, terrorism and the rights of women in oppressive cultures, this enlightening introduction to a controversial subject is suitable for both students and general readers alike.

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Habitus: A Sense of Place
Jean Hillier and Emma Rooksby

Habitus: A Sense of PlaceHabitus is a concept developed by the late French philosopher, Pierre Bourdieu, as a 'sense of one's place...a sense of the other's place'. It relates to our perceptions of space and place and how these perceptions affect our actions, not only in shaping the form of environments, but also simply in our experience and interaction with places.

Habitus implies that a web of complex processes inseparably links the physical, the social and the mental. Inspired by this concept, this compelling book brings together leading scholars from interdisciplinary fields to examine ways in which spaces and places are constructed, read and used by different people. Following a key chapter by Pierre Bourdieu himself, the book is divided into sections guided by the following three questions:

  • How does the notion of Habitus help us understand international and national political structures and activities?
  • Does Habitus help explain processes of place-making in relation to practices of the built environment?
  • How durable is Habitus: might it undergo transformation in changing circumstances?

The last publication Pierre Bourdieu was involved in, it is a tribute to his remarkable contribution to the field.

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Neil Levy

SartreCombining information with an entertaining style, this concise guide to the life and work of the great philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre focuses uniquely on his life as a whole, not simply on his theories of existentialism. Covering everything from Sartre's concept of human freedom to his espousal of Marxism and his impact on twentieth-century thought, this is an authoritative work that will challenge undergraduates and general readers alike to think again about human freedom and moral choice.

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Edited by Igor Primoratz

PatriotismThough the average person may take patriotism for granted as a natural feeling of loyalty to one's country, among philosophers the nature, moral standing, and political significance of patriotism have always been contentious. On the one hand, there are those who defend patriotic loyalty as either a duty or a virtue and extol it as an indispensable condition of a viable polity. On the other hand, critics of patriotism maintain that it is morally suspect to prefer one's country and compatriots, and doing so offends against impartial justice and hinders universal human solidarity.

Today patriotism is a topic of debate not only in moral philosophy but also in political theory, where it is often brought up as a test case in the confrontation between liberals and communitarians. These debates have produced much high-quality writing, the best of which is here presented in this wide-ranging collection of essays by philosophers and political theorists. All the main varieties of patriotism are covered - moderate and extreme, as well as ethnic/cultural and political - and both critics and defenders are given a hearing. Editor Igor Primoratz has also included articles that discuss the history of the term in moral and political discourse in the English-speaking world, the distinctively American type of patriotism, the relation of patriotism to nationalism and racism, and the tension between patriotism and universal human solidarity, especially as this issue relates to foreign aid.

As the first anthology to treat patriotism in its own right, this work emphasizes that patriotism is a distinct moral and political outlook, and is not merely a variety of nationalism or the emotional underpinning of nationalist theories. As such, it will be an important resource for courses in philosophy and political science, and will also serve as an accessible general reader for the interested layperson.

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Legal Interpretation in Democratic States
Jeffrey Goldsworthy and Tom D. Campbell

Legal Interpretation in Democratic StatesThe judicial interpretation of statutes and constitutions is the controversial focus of much contemporary legal philosophy and practice. It is crucial for the distribution of power as between legislatures and judiciaries in democratic polities. The original essays in this volume relate to the prospects of finding a workable separation of powers which utilizes the rule of positive law to curb political power without undermining the right to self-determination which is central to the democratic ideal. Written by a group of distinguished American and Australian legal and political philosophers, the essays are divided into three parts: those sharing a particular concern with the proper role of law-makers' intentions in legal interpretation; those applying or discussing particular approaches to interpretation: historical, comparative, hermeneutic, deconstructionist, and natural law; and those discussing originalism, individual rights, implications, and federalism in constitutional interpretation.

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Sceptical Essays on Human Rights
Edited by Tom Campbell, Keith Ewing, and Adam Tomkins

Sceptical Essays on Human RightsBritain's Human Rights Act 1998 is the latest in a wave of legislative and constitutional instruments that have been passed in a number of countries (including Canada, New Zealand and South Africa) and which put human rights at the top of the public law agenda. For the most part these instruments are widely welcomed by senior judges and by academic and practising lawyers, many of whom will have campaigned for their introduction. There are, however, very considerable doubts about the wisdom of these developments within the democratic tradition of government which remain unanswered. This collection of 20 essays written by an array of internationally prestigious scholars explores these reservations.

All the contributors endorse the importance of human rights within any democratic system of government, but question whether the primary responsibility for the articulation of these rights ought to be taken away from the normal political processes of representative government; they also consider the constitutional implications of doing so. Specifically, the extensive shift of political authority to the judiciary which is involved in Britain's Human Rights Act is critically examined and other ways of specifying and promoting human rights in more democratic forums are considered. Particular attention is paid to the priority which should be given to economic and social rights within the new constitutional settlement. Overseas contributions, ranging from Eastern Europe to South Africa, via North America and Australasia, illustrate the pitfalls of importing other constitutional models.

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Social Action: A Teleological Account
Seumas Miller

Social Action: A Teleological AccountSocial action is central to social thought. This centrality reflects the overwhelming causal significance of action for social life, the centrality of action to any account of social phenomena, and the fact that conventions and normativity are features of human activity. This book provides philosophical analyses of fundamental categories of human social action, including cooperative action, conventional action, social norm governed action, and the actions of the occupants of organizational roles. A distinctive feature of the book is that it applies these theories of social action categories to some important moral issues that arise in social contexts such as the collective responsibility for environmental pollution, humanitarian intervention, and dealing with the rights of minority groups. Avoiding both the excessively atomistic individualism of rational choice theorists and implausible collectivist assumptions, this important book will be widely read by philosophers of the social sciences, political scientists and sociologists.

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Human Rights in Philosophy and Practice
Burton M. Leiser and Tom D. Campbell

Human Rights in Philosophy and PracticeThe essays in this highly cosmopolitan collection were selected from over 250 contributions presented at the 19th World Congress in Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy (IVR) held in New York in 1999. They represent a cross-section of contemporary work on human rights derived from eleven different countries. In addition to a philosophical discussion of key problems relating to the philosophy and practice of human rights throughout the world, there are specialist groups of essays on constitutional rights, minority rights, state sovereignty and human rights, global justice and self-determination, as well as a number which reflect the diversity of the political and legal development in the field of human rights in various regions of the world.

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Violence and Police Culture
Edited by Tony Coady, Steven James, Seumas Miller and Michael O'Keefe

Violence and Police CultureViolence and policing are inevitably associated. Criminals use violence not only against innocent members of the public, but also against the police themselves. For our own protection and theirs, we have given police a licence to use force, sometimes with lethal consequences.

But the exercise of this licence is fraught with risk to the community. The disturbing record of police shootings in Victoria, and irresponsible police violence elsewhere in recent years, vividly illustrate this risk. The public outcry against such events is understandable. To find a solution, we need to analyse the contexts and the cultural background of the use of police violence, and to think hard about its causes and proper limits.

In Violence and Police Culture, eminent contributors offer valuable insights and experience to the growing debate. While Australian in origin and emphasis, the book addresses a public issue that resonates as far afield as London, New York, Tokyo and Belfast.

Violence and Police Culture argues that there are features of police culture which foster abuse of the right to use violence. The book makes positive suggestions about institutional changes that might alleviate the problems bedevilling what the philosopher Thomas Hobbes called 'the right of the sword'.

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Computer Ethics 2000
Edited by John Weckert

Computer Ethics 2000This volume contains selected papers presented at the Second Australian Computer Ethics Conference.

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Justice 2nd Edition
Tom Campbell

Justice 2nd EditionThe substantially revised second edition of this widely-used text sets out the main contending theories of justice as exemplified in the works of a range of major theorists. Eight major theories of justice based on the work of Nozick, Dworkin, Rawls, Posner, Marx, Young and Habermas are each introduced in their own terms and assessed in accordance with their ability to generate clear, consistent and illuminating accounts of justice as a distinctive social, political and legal value.

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Why Universities Matter
Edited by Tony Coady

Why Universities MatterThe essays in Why Universities Matter are contributions to a conversation made necessary by the far-reaching changes to universities provoked by a decade and a half of federal government 'initiatives'. The voices raised in the book are disputatious, sceptical, passionate and analytical. The reader will find variety in approach, in intent and in the experience brought to bear in each essay. The contributors, drawn from the sciences, humanities and social sciences, are well-versed in issues of 'university management': most are professors, many have served as head of department, one has been a vice-chancellor.

Together, the essays do not present any 'line'. The meeting ground is a common concern about the ideals and values embodied in universities and the purposes universities have served, are now forced to serve, and should serve. In light of this concern, they cast a sharp eye upon the policies, values and rhetoric that drive developments in contemporary Australian universities.

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Reasons, Values and Institutions
Andrew Alexandra, Steve Matthews and Seumas Miller

Reasons Values and InstitutionsAn original work of 'applied philosophy', exploring five fundamental Australian institutions: the family, the political system, the economic system, the media, and the institution of science and technology. It describes the general features of these institutions, their essentially moral nature, and the conceptual connections that hold between them. As well as demonstrating the value of philosophical method in describing and evaluating these institutions, the book also critically reflects on that method itself, providing a unique tool for the development of the reader's own philosophical skills. The contents and approach of this book reflect the authors' experiences in teaching to a range of student groups at Charles Sturt University, and their work within the Australian Research Council funded Special Research Centre for Applied Philiosophy and Public Ethics, the nation's pre-eminent concentration of researchers in the area.

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